Power is having authority, control along with many influential factors, whether direct or indirect through bona fide expedients. Stojkovic, Kalinich and Klofas (2015) lamented, "Enforcing one's way over others requires the expenditure of resources, the making of commitments, and a level of effort that can be undertaken only when the issues at hand are relatively important" (p. 290). However, authority most often come from the duties and responsibilities delegated to a position holder in a bureaucratic structure. A manager of a criminal justice organization, for instance, has the authority to control and direct the activities of the staffs and expert them to respond with appropriate actions to attain organizational purposes.
Weber states that organizations regulations are formed by few people and this people are the boss, administration employee who tends to have representation powers (Roth and Wittich, 1968). Weber states that the state tends to use bureaucracy on its people in order to establish authority. Bureaucracy is present in various areas in the environment and once bureaucracy is produced then it becomes difficult to
According to Weber all bureaucracies must have a clear chain of command. This means that there must be an understanding amongst the workers that there is a chain of appeal that they must go through within a bureaucracy to file a grievance or make a suggestion. Within a bureaucracy the areas of jurisdiction are delaminated, meaning that an agency only has authority over the agency they are managing. The institution also has power over not only the citizens and officials, but they also own the workers documents and means of production. There is also no volunteer work within Weber’s bureaucracy. All workers are expected to give their full working capacity to the organization, and are not allowed to be seeking alternate employment options. The officials of Weber’s bureaucracy are thoroughly trained and are expected to follow the set general rules. These rules have been learned through work related experience, and are set from multiple previous cases.
Employees are an important part of any organization and organizations need to treat them as thus. In the 21st Century, as a result of changes in the labor markets, organizations are more responsive to worker conditions and this might have resulted in the
Power and authority organize people in bureaucratic structures. The hierarchical structure of these organizations dictates the scope of authority that each individual has relative to their respective position. Standardized rules, methods, and procedures within the bureaucratic structure stimulate strict discipline as an essential element for success. The organizations are impersonal places to work and do not conform to the needs of the workers. Historically, power and authority in bureaucratic structures has limited individual personal decision-making, restricted individual opportunities for creativity, denied individual opportunity to develop a sense of self and restricted the potential for diversity in the workplace in public administration.
It is disturbing to know that so many have endured unsafe work environment and that so many lost their lives due to what I can only describe to have been slavery. However, the stakeholders and the vendors should be held responsible for how employees are treated. In addition, I like your suggestion to issue fines and inspection to ensure that companies and their associations are in compliance with ethical codes.
Multinational corporations should do more to adequately promote and support the dignity of their employees. It seems to me that the general business trend is for those who make the most money at an organizations, tend to forget or dismiss that the most valuable resources of a company are the employees. Executives tend to forget that without the employees, they would not be living and affording the luxurious lifestyle they can afford to live, a lifestyle far more luxurious that the workers can afford. There are some really ugly and detestable business practices that have become traditions and there is no reason. There is no reason why workers should be humiliated, coerced, mistreated, threatened, and tortured while companies simultaneously generate substantial revenue. Just as organizations are waking up to the simple fact that a company does not need to be wasteful, harmful, or oblivious to the environmental consequences of their company and still make money. In other words, companies that go green still make a lot of money.
Weber’s bureaucratic approach focuses on the importance of hierarchy by putting great emphasis on the use of rules, procedures and making impartial personnel decisions when managing. He put great emphasis on the jurisdiction, explaining that work should be “divided according to type and purpose” staying within the correct working unit just as the organization’s rules and laws would state (Milakovich, et. al., 2013, p. 146). A hierarchy would be established with a chain of command clearly identifying a system of super- and
The world over, there are different types of organizations, these being public, private, non-governmental and international organizations. They survive because they are contracted to or employed people from different cultural diversity and professions. Besides that, some are profit making and others non-profit making organizations and they all in the end have an obligation to remunerate, provide benefits, an assurance of job security to employees and provide a conducive environment for productivity. Depending on the employer-employee relations, positive or negative attitudes manifest either from both parties tend to develop. As a result the objectives set by the organization can prosper due to positive attitudes or suffer because of negative attitudes. The attitude displayed in the public and private sectors by employees are more or less the same, if they are any differences those are to a lesser extent. These attitudes stem from different work conditions or the ecology of the workplace, cultural diversity and the political landscape the workplace finds itself in, the legal framework and organizational operational policies and the type of leadership style that prevails. For instance, during Khama administration since 2008, the Botswana government employees have had it hard without the award of reasonable salary adjustments, a move that saw the rise of Trade Unions in Botswana affiliating with the opposition party towards the 2014. In fact, in the year 2011
For many years, organizations have been structures as bureaucracy. The term bureaucracy refers to a system of an organization that incorporates order, the utilization of hierarchical authority, and logic to conduct its business. Bureaucracy systems are meant to be fair, orderly and effective. The main features are formal procedures and rules, comprehensive division of labor, authority hierarchy, and promotion of employees and managers is based on competency. Currently, many people have a negative perception of bureaucracy because it is rigid and responds slowly to environmental changes and that it relies heavily on rules and procedures. However, in reality, bureaucracy has been found to be beneficial to organizations
Workers in any institution around the world, just as any other human, work better in environments that are suitable for them. This suitable environments range from better pay, good working conditions, healthy jobs and sometimes incentives such as bonuses for work well done and institutional team building efforts by the employers where workers and employers come together to do activities that are related (Katz, 2005, pp 21-30). Employers are required to uphold certain levels of integrity when dealing with their employees as this is reflected in the -employees’ perception of the work itself. This is then reflected further to the results achieved in a project (Katz, 2005,pp 22).
According to Max Weber, bureaucracy is the most rational known means of carrying out imperative control over human beings. He was right. Bureaucracy is the technology of control. It is ideologically and practically opposed to disorder and irregularity. Problem is, in an age of
The main ingredient of every successful company is its employees. Every company expects efficient and experienced employees who are responsible enough towards the production of commodity. Therefore, employees play a vital role in the company. These employees are considered to be the back bone of the company. The root cause of any problem in the company basically starts with the absenteeism of employees, their inattentiveness and their ignorance.
Now days, lots of organisations are facing the problems which is mainly related to employee’s behaviour and actions. As per this case study, The Sunday Times obtained questionaries for who had already departing from the Western Australian (WA) Police force. According to survey officers of WA force who left the force they had some issues like bullying, corruption, illegal activities, discrimination on racist grounds, and they didn’t get proper training and development at a work place. This problem mainly occurs in organisation when there is lack of motivation, lack of organisational justice, negative culture and low morale.
In principle adopted by Max Weber, bureaucracy was supposed to be a perfect and flawless form of organization, but with its development it becomes more and more dysfunctional. To finish the consderations about bureaucracy, its influence on the human and its relevance in today’s world it’s worth to present what Raelin thought about this issue. According to him, the usability of bureaucracy and formalization is dependent on the organisational culture. He tried to prove that bureaucracy as a system itself is neutral, that the only factor that can make it become dysfunctional or effective is organisational culture. He based his work on observations of the organisational cultures amongst attorneys. in some of the offices bureaucracy was seen as something very positive and in the other ones proceduralization has lead to discouragement and loss of motivation. There are no clear criterias to be able to foresee when the negative effects of the bureaucracy will appear . Looking at Raelin’s research one can see that bureaucracy can lead to dysfunction, but not always. Bureaucratic system is believed to be the oldest organisational system known to human. Undoubtedly it had a big influence on the civilisation, without it probably the cities would not have been established, would not have developed as qucikly as they did. Bureaucracy is still relevant in everyday’s life, it is present in the multinational companies, governments, army etc.. In summary, bureaucracy often leads to