Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Personality

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Erik Erikson refined eight physcosocial stages that he believed humans confront throughout their life The stages are Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Integrity vs. Despair Erikson was said to be influenced by Freud but rather than speaking on psychosexual Stages, he explains the psychosocial stages throughout a human life which made it completely different. His theories were influenced by Freud, going along with Freud’s (1923) theory regarding the structure and topography of personality. Freud was an id psychologist, Erikson was an ego psychologist. Erkison discusses the psychological stages and is better known for his life stage of human development. Erikons first stage explains Trust vs Mistrust which usually occurs from conception to a year. This is when a infant is soley dependent on their caregiver for all of their needs such as food, comfort, love, safety and nurturing. When the caretaker fails to provide those needs that is when the infant may become mistrustful, frustrated, draw away from care giver and may lack self assurance. On the other hand, caregivers who provide the love, comfort, care, who are emotionally available, consistent within the child lives. The child does strongly develop that assurance, they will feel a sense of security within the world. Failure to establish that trust with the caregiver can result

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