Etoricoxib a Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Used in Beachdale Surgery

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Introduction- What is Etoricoxib?
Etoricoxib, also known as Arcoxia1, is more commonly known as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), or as a cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitor (COX-2). Therapeutically, it is specified for the ‘symptomatic relief” of conditions such as osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis2,3, and overall for their analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Arthritis is a chronic disease affecting up to ten million people in the UK. Approximately 14% of all primary care visits are for musculoskeletal pain or dysfunction, and can be extremely debilitating if not treated in an efficient manner2, 4. However, Etoricoxib is not the first line treatment for arthritis, and doctors are
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3) Acute Gouty Arthritis: Given orally 120mg daily. The dose should not exceed 120 mg.

Mechanism
NSAIDs work commonly by blocking the action of cyclooxygenase isoenzymes (COX-1, COX-2). This consequently blocks the production of prostaglandins which are responsible for inflammation9. The COX-2 isoenzyme is the particular enzyme that produces prostaglandins, which cause inflammation. On the other hand, COX-1 isoenzymes do not produce these inflammatory prostaglandins, but have various other effects. An important effect is maintaining a healthy stomach and intestinal lining9. Traditional non-selective NSAIDs block the action of both COX-1 and COX-2. These can lead to harmful side effects such as intestinal damage and peptic ulcers, amongst others. NSAIDs are commonly prescribed with a PPI to counteract these harmful side effects. In comparison to the other NSAIDs, Etoricoxib is an orally active, selective COX-2 inhibitor2. It does not inhibit the cyclooxygenase-1 isoenzyme. Therefore it simply lowers the prostaglandin production, consequently meaning that there are fewer chances of stomach-related side effects9.

Figure 1- Mechanism of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs6

Pharmacokinetic properties
Etoricoxib has a unique chemical structure when compared with other similar COX-2 inhibitors. This is potentially the reason as to why Etoricoxib has better oral bioavailability and half-life in contrast to

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