HOW IMPORTANT IS THE CONCEPT OF SITUATED KNOWLEDGES TO THE CRITICAL EVALUATION OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY? ILLUSTRATE ESSAY WITH REFERENCE TO TWO TOPICS OF RESEARCH IN DD307 This essay will explore the concept of situated knowledges, and assess the importance of this concept to the critical evaluation of social psychological topics. The concept of situated knowledges is used as an interrogative theme to assist in evaluating knowledge produced in research. All knowledge produced, is situated historically
Ethical concerns among the field of psychology aren’t taboo, especially dating back before the 1980’s. The Stanford Prison Experiment, conducted in 1971, is considered one of the most notorious experiments conducted at Stanford University as well as in the realm of social psychology as a whole. The superintendent of the experiment, Dr. Phillip Zimbardo, has faced an ethical confliction after the experiment was terminated. The purpose of the experiment was to evaluate how innocent individuals would
of psychology known as behaviorism (Gluck, Mercado, Myers, 2011). “Inspired by the works of prominent psychologists Ivan Pavlov and Edward Thorndike, behaviorism is a discipline of psychology that places its focus on observable behaviors rather than internal consciousness”. Stemming off Pavlov’s earlier research, Watson’s experiment “Little Albert” could be considered one of his greatest psychological advancements in behavioral psychology (Green, 2009). While his controversial experiments did
How Agatha Christie uses social psychology in And Then There Were None Group psychology has always been an important study when examining a group and how they react to each other, but what if this group of people is forced to be with each other, slowly killed off, and stripped of basic human rights. In the book And Then There Were None it does exactly these things and incorporates group psychology in a way to show people’s animosity and disregard for others’ lives when their own life is at risk.
“The Stanford Prison Experiment” by Philip G. Zimbardo was written to explain the results of the Stanford prison experiment. Zimbardo while trying to gain support for his conclusions of the experiment, demonstrated many errors in his writing, and in his own experiment. The errors that Zimbardo commits call into question the validity of his argument, and the experiment. The goal explained by Zimbardo was “to understand more about the process by such people called “prisoners” lose their liberty, civil
Psychology is not just common sense. Discuss. The statement of psychology not being just common sense is parallel with the ideologies of most psychologists in the field. Although some aspects and examples of psychology might be simplistic and clear, it also involves substantial critical thinking skills, reasoning and an extensive amount of research. Psychology is defined as the study of the mind and behaviour. (American Psychological Association, 2014), thus affirming the view expressed above.
with higher wages (Frieze, Olson & Russell, 1991), and attractive criminals were given lighter sentences (Stewart, 1980). This phenomenon could be explained by the “Halo Effect” (Nisbett, & Wilson, 1977), where evaluations of one attribute of a person are generalized to influence evaluations of other attributes. In the landmark paper ‘‘What Is Beautiful Is Good,’’ written by Dion, Berscheid and Walster (1972)
extract the authors state that the aim of the experiment was to determine if the composite-building process could harm (or alter) the builder’s remembrance of a face in a lineup identification situation. The study also seems to have a number of secondary aims with the two experiments using still photos in the lineup in experiment #1 and the eyewitnesses watching a replicated crime video in its place of still photos for experiment #2. The 2nd experiment also questions what will happen if the witness
The Milgram Experiment has acquired wide popularity and spread among scientists and psychologist who have expressed their doubts concerning its results. The main essence of the experience consisted in checking the way the participant obeyed to authority although they have to do harm to other participants. Hence, the person who controlled the experiment told the subject of the experiment to check memory of another volunteer on the way he/she can remember the pair of words. In case of failure of memorizing
Psychology Question In designing tests researchers need to be very careful of issues of standardization, reliability, and validity. Define and explain these three ideas and tell me what steps a researchers might take to ensure that his/her test is standardized, reliable, and valid. Standardization: Establishment of the norms and uniform procedure for giving and scoring a test (Huffman 2012, page 310). Reliable/Reliability: Measure of the consistency and reproducibility of test scores when the