What is the effect on the equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity of orange juice if the price of apple juice decreases and the wage rate paid to orange grove workers increases?
Using the data and your own economic knowledge, assess the case for financing universities mainly through charging fees to their students.
the highest-cost firm in operation breaks even, while the low cost firms will earn profit.
availability of substitutes, and justify how you determine the price elasticity of demand for your firm’s product. b) Explain the factors that affect consumer responsiveness to price changes for this product, using the concept of price
Imagine that you have decided to open a small ice cream stand on campus called "Ice-Campusades." You are very excited because you love ice cream (delicious!) and this is a fun way for you to apply your business and economics skills! Here is the first month's scenario--you order the same number (and the same variety) of ice creams each day from the ice cream suppliers, and your ice creams are always marked at $1.50 each. However, you notice that there are days when ice creams remain unsold but other days when there are not enough ice creams for the number of customers.
Basic economic models assume that all parties have “perfect information.” How does “informational asymmetry” undermine our market economy?
Using the simulation as a guide the price elasticity of demand is reviewed to determine the effects of pricing strategies. Demand can either decrease or increase based on price of a product or service (Colander, 2010). Consumers tend to buy products were there is a decrease in price (Colander, 2010).
A. The concept of elasticity of demand has played a major role in managerial decision-making. It has greatly helped managers in consideration of whether lowering a price will lead to an increase in demand of a certain product, and if so, to what extent and whether profits would increase as a result of doing so. In this case the concept of demand becomes advantageous in that:
SABMiller and Diageo are two largest beer producer in Africa. ”SABMiller, if combined with its partnership with France's Castel Group, sells roughly 60% Africa’s beer by volume. Diageo’s also expands its operation successfully that Senator Keg, its supercheap beer, is also now number two most popular beers in Kenya. As these giant brewers monopolized Africa’s beer market, it can be said that the market has an oligopoly market structure, and both pursue identic operations, so the market can be labeled as competitive. The interdependence that is happening between both brewers makes the competition happens. As SABMiller produces Impala that is half price from its previous beer Manica, Diageo produces Senator Keg to balance it. Diageo
Breamer, J. (2009). Demand for corn and soybeans continue in 2010. High Plains Journal, (53), Retrieved from http://www.hpj.com/archives/2009/dec09/dec28/1228CropOutlookwspeakerpicj.cfm
People and companies make economic decisions on a daily basis by deciding how much of something they will buy and what prices they are willing to pay for the goods or services. Through individual decision-making, consumers determine supply demands for their needs and wants, and companies decide which goods and how many goods are to be sold, and how much to charge consumers. There are many fundamental concepts and definitions that are important to understanding the economics. The concepts that will be discussed in this paper are supply, demand, and price elasticity.
In this way, the Fed manages price inflation in the economy. So bonds affect the U.S. economy by determining interest rates. This affects the amount of liquidity. This determines how easy or difficult it is to buy things on credit, take out loans for cars, houses or education, and expand businesses. In other words, bonds affect everything in the economy. Treasury bonds impact the economy by providing extra spending money for the government and consumers. This is because Treasury bonds are essentially a loan to the government that is usually purchased by domestic consumers. However, for a variety of reasons, foreign governments have been purchasing a larger percentage of Treasury bonds, in effect providing the U.S. government with a loan. This allows the government to spend more, which stimulates the economy. Treasury bonds also help the consumer. When there is a great demand for bonds, it lowers the interest rate.
Based on the above description, forms of elasticity will affect business decisions and pricing strategies differently depending on the nature and type of products or services being offered. Business organizations whose product offerings have elastic and perfectly elastic price elasticities of demand should not attempt to raise prices of their products because it will cause the quantity demanded and consequently total revenues to drop drastically. Businesses can there use the price elasticities of demand to determine whether the proposed changes in their prices will raise or reduce their total revenue. The following expression may be useful in helping business organizations to determine the impacts of elasticities on their total revenues based on the suggested price changes.
Elasticity is a measure of the responsiveness of demand to changes in the price of a good or service. In the case of Steam Scot, when the price rises from 4 to 5, demand falls from 60,000 to 40,000 units. The original equilibrium market price of 4 pounds resulted in demand of 60,000 units and this generated revenue of 240,000 pounds. When the prices increased to 5 pounds the resulting demand is 40,000 units, and this generates total revenue of 200,000 pounds. When market price changes from 4 pounds to 5 pounds 40,000 pounds of revenue are lost in this indicates an elastic price elasticity of demand.
Since firms facing an elastic demand can increase total revenue when they cut prices, the opposite condition exists when they try to raise prices. With many substitutes in consumption available, a price increase leads to a significant decline in consumption - the percentage change in quantity demanded exceeds the percentage change in price. Producers that raise prices when facing an elastic demand will find that total revenues decrease as the gain from charging higher prices is more than offset by a desertion of consumers to cheaper substitutes, with sales and output falling. When price