Exploring Biology

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AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 1: Introduction: Themes in the Study of Life
Fred and Theresa Holtzclaw Name_______________________Period___________

Chapter 1: Introduction: Themes in the Study of Life

Begin your study of biology this year by reading Chapter 1. It will serve as a reminder about biological concepts that you may have learned in an earlier course and give you an overview of what you will study this year. 1. In the overview, Figure 1.3 recalls many of the properties of life. Label the seven properties illustrated here, and give a different example of each.

Concept 1.1 Themes connect the concepts of biology

2. What are
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9. What did Darwin propose as the mechanism of evolution? Summarize this mechanism.

10. Study Figure 1.22, which shows an evolutionary “tree.” What is indicated by twig? What do the branch points represent? Where did the “common ancestor” of the Galápagos finches originate?

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AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 1: Introduction: Themes in the Study of Life
Fred and Theresa Holtzclaw Concept 1.3 Scientists use two main forms of inquiry in their study of nature 11. What are the two main types of scientific inquiry? Give an example of each.

12. What is data?

13. Distinguish between quantitative and qualitative data. Which type would be presented in a data chart and could be graphed? Which type is found in the field sketches made by Jane Goodall?

14. In science, how do we define hypothesis?

15. A scientific hypothesis has two important qualities. The first is that it is testable. What is the second?

16. Are scientific hypotheses proved? Explain your answer!

17. Look at Figure 1.24. Use it to write a hypothesis using the “If . . . then . . .” format.

18. What is a controlled experiment?

19. The text points out a common misconception about the term “controlled experiment”. In the
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