Factors Of Employee Absenteeism

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1.0 Introduction The main purpose of this study is to identify and investigate the factors that effecting employee absenteeism in Brazil, France and India. The pioneer of the employee absenteeism issue started with Nicholson in 1977, Steers and Rhodes (1978) and Steers and Rhodes (1990). The model of absenteeism by Nicholson (1977) was very influential and frequently cited in literatures about absenteeism within organizations (Harrison and Martocchio 1998). The model states that the capability of employees or workers to attend work is primarily dictated by how motivated as well as their ability to attend and perform their duties. (Steers and Susan, 1978) According to Rhodes and steers (1990), employee absenteeism is one of those stubborn problems for which there is no clear culprit and no easy cure. Moreover, as a general phenomenon, absenteeism does not discriminate against individuals on the basis of gender, race and religion A significant number of research has been done on employee absenteeism like Rathod and Reddy (2012) did a research on Employee Absenteeism: A Study at Titan Industry Limited, Bangalore in India and Basariya (2015), also did a…show more content…
There are numerous number of models and theories regarding employee absenteeism which can be critically review in this research. The first theory that can be adapted to this research is the Nicholson’s “Attachment” Theory. In summary of this theory, Nicholson (1977) stated that four of the Another related absenteeism model is the Steers and Rhodes (1978) ‘Process Model’. This model supports the idea of a relationship between personal characteristics and absence. This is because the decision to attend or not is, as suggested by Steers and Rhodes, influenced by the employee's personal characteristics (Steers and Rhodes,
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