Factors of Learning a Second Language

Decent Essays

Many people believe that children have the ability to become with a native-like proficiency in a second language almost within a night because during childhood knowledge is absorbed like a sponge by children’s brain (Genesee, Paradis and B. Crago, 2004, p.133). In contrast, only few adults can achieve a desirable result in their attempt to acquire a second language (European Science Foundation, 1993, p.8). In addition the learning environment is separated into two the formal and the informal both of them are efficient, but the last one seems to be more accepted than the other as a better way of language learning because of its faculty to develop knowledge and skills to people without any predestinate rules. (Bahrani, 2011, p.372). However the process of acquiring a second language is not only affected by the age, but by the learner’s stimuli during this process as well.
Firstly, concerning the above belief about children’s ability to acquire a second language within a night there have been done some researches which proved it to be false. Genesee, Paradis, and Crago (2004) noted that at the first stages of learning a second language ‘children can function in an English conversation without using much English’ (p.133). In 1959 two Linguists; Penfield and Roberts created a new linguistic term “the Critical Period Hypothesis” -connected to Biology - based on which is the most suitable age to learn a second language. Lenneberg after eight years ennobled the above

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