Falls in the South Western Region of Australia: A Primary Healthcare Report

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Falls in the South Western Region, Australia Introduction Falls top the list among the external causes of unintended injuries. The falls are coded as E880-E888 in the international classification of disease-9 (ICD-9), and W00-W19 that constitutes a broad variety of falls including falls on the same level, upper level, and other random falls. For a definition, falls are the inadvertently coming to repose on the ground, floor, or other levels excluding the purposeful change in a position to relax in furniture, wall, or the ground itself (WHO, 2007). The frequency of falls increases with the increase in age. Old people living in nursing homes fall frequently than old people living within people in a given community (WHO, 2007). In addition, the proportion of hospital admittance as a result of falls for people aged 60 and above in Australia ranges from 1.6 to 3.0 in population of 10 000 people. Falls and resulting injuries are significant health issues that often require urgent medical attention. Falls result to 20-30% of mild severe injuries and are causes of 10-15% of all emergency department attention. 50% of the people hospitalized for falls are over 65 years of age and older. The main causes of admissions resulting from falls include hip fracture, brain injuries, and limb injuries. Older persons are likely to remain in hospital after a fall ordeal injury for the rest of their lives. In addition, as a result of falls, 20% die yearly because of a hip fracture. Falls

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