Fayol 's Five Functions Of Management

1099 Words5 Pages
We may define management as “a process that involves planning, organizing leading (or deploying), and controlling resources in order to achieve goals” [Martin, J, 2010, pg12]. A manager must exercise influence over others using extrinsic motivation to optimise an organisations performance. There is little consensus about the term management, with many management theories outlining what is required of a manager. Theorist, Mintzberg, purposed the most suitable theory for an engineering discipline. Fayol popularised the theory that a manager has five specific functions. The five elements of managerial activity are defined as “to forecast and plan, to organise, to command, to co-ordinate and to control” [Mullins, L.J, 2006, pg62].…show more content…
While Katz’s theory appreciates that provided with the appropriate resources anyone has the ability to manage it fails to give enough emphasis on the importance that personal traits plays in developing such skills. Engineering itself is widely dominated by introverts who may find it more difficult to display interpersonal skills than someone within a background in business. Katz also argues that a higher level manager need not require a high level of technical ability however within an engineering discipline strong technical ability allows a manager to relate and give greater guidance to employees. A key limitation of Mintzberg’s model is its difficulty to apply to non-corporate organisations. However Ten Have (2003) claims that Mintzberg’s roles are intended to “serve as a looking glass” and not to be followed prescriptively. Mintzberg’s theory of the roles of management is much less rigid than that of Fayol’s or Katz and thus more appropriate in modern engineering organisations. Mintzberg appreciated the importance of a leader motivating their employees within his roles of a manager but “observed that motivation can be difficult” [ACCA, 2015]. Luthan (1998) defines motivation as, “a process that starts with a physiological or physiological deficiency or need that activates behaviour or a drive that is aimed at a goal incentive”. It is essential that a manager understands what
Open Document