For Any Inner City and Rural Area Summarise the Contrasts Between Them and Explain the Implications of These Contrasts on Social Welfare (15 Marks)

1079 WordsMay 7, 20125 Pages
There are key differences in the characteristics of the Isle of Purbeck in South East Dorset and Byker Ward in Newcastle upon Tyne; such as the housing type, ethnicity, age structure, wealth, employment and services – unsurprisingly many are interlinked. These also have had key effects on social welfare; which lead to further contrasts between the two areas. Social welfare measures the well-being of communities – shown through jobs, housing, health care and education. The most significant contrast is the housing type. Byker Grove is an inner city electoral ward in Newcastle upon Tyne - consisting of council housing for many decades, whilst the Isle of Purbeck is largely private/owner occupied. In the 1960s, Byker had exclusively small…show more content…
This contrasts significantly to the type of housing in the Isle of Purbeck where 73.7% is owner occupied. Further, in the last decade house prices have risen above the national average due to competition from second homeowners, retirees and in migrants. For example, property at Sandbanks is the 4th most expensive in the world. The situation is made worse by the fact that employment opportunities in the area are limited. Only 7.7% is council housing – in recent times only 2 small Housing Association developments in Corfe Castle have been planned to deal with this. Therefore, this has a key effect on social welfare. It results in a richer population, with high demand for private healthcare and ‘farm/organic’ shops. In contrast, Byker is likely to have very few high-end shops as a result of income being low – resulting in a reliance on state services, and the creation of what Edwina Curry saw as “food deserts”; meaning very little healthy food options due to the dominance of cheap, fast food outlets. In turn, this is likely to increase obesity and lower life expectancy – reducing social welfare further. In contrast, ‘organic/farm’ shops in the Isle of Purbeck are likely to have the opposite effect – raising life expectancy. Another contrast is seen in the age structure of the two areas. Whilst the Isle of Purbeck has a population where over 20% are over 65 and 18.6% are retied, Byker Ward has a much more evenly distributed age
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