Gardner's Theory of Intelligence

668 Words Jan 12th, 2018 3 Pages
It was also deeply believed that intelligence was inherited and the cognitive scientists believed that the human mind-initially a 'tabula rasa' (empty) could be trained to learn almost anything provided the content was presented in the right manner and conditions (Mark K. Smith, 2008). This is a belief that has been proven to be lacking in content and empiricism by several researchers and behaviorists. One of these behavior scientists is Howard Gardner who strongly opposed or questioned the notion that intelligence is a single entity. Gardener came up instead in 1983 and proved that there were various types of intelligences, indeed he fronted seven different types of intelligences that could be displayed by human beings. This contradicted the old notion that there was only one type of intelligence and had a single way of measuring it, which was through short questions and answers. Gardener generally viewed intelligence in terms of the ability that one displays to create a service or product that is effective and of value in relation to a given culture. He also viewed intelligence as that set of skills that enables an individual to solve challenges or problems in real life situations. The third view is that creating solutions for problems which involve putting together new knowledge (Public Broadcasting Service,…