Gender And Gender Development : Sexuality And Sexual Behaviors

905 Words Nov 13th, 2015 4 Pages
The process of development is an inevitable part of life as humans consistently experience changes throughout in different areas including sexual, physical, social, and emotional. In looking at sexual development, several theorists have developed explanations governing sexuality and sexual behaviors. In my Critical Annotation of the book “Sex & Gender: An Introduction (6th ed.)” I reviewed stances from several theorists on sexual/gender development. According to Freud, gender development occurs as a “response to early interactions with caretakers” (Lips, 2008, p. 60) and is impacted by the body and sexuality. One’s personality development occurs simultaneously with gender development. Consequently, Freud purported the psychosexual stages of oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital to explain the underlying process of gender and personality development. Freud reasoned that boys and girls diverge in their development during the phallic stage where pleasure for the former is derived from the penis and the latter from the clitoris. Both genders during this period are afforded the opportunity to develop and identify masculine and feminine characteristics upon overcoming resolution of the Oedipus and Electra complex respectively. During this phase as well, girls are believed to experience penis envy whilst boys undergo castration anxiety.
Evolutionary theories of gender on the other hand, emphasize genetics as the bases for behavioral differences of both genders while…
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