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Grave's Disease Research Paper

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At some point in their lifetime, more than twelve percent of the population will develop a thyroid condition. An estimated twenty million Americans have some form of thyroid disease, with women being five to eight times more likely than men to develop a thyroid problem.
Grave’s disease is the most common form of hyperthyroidism, affecting more than seventy percent of people. This disease usually occurs when the immune system’s antibodies in the blood, also known as lymphocytes, attack the thyroid and bind to the surface of thyroid cells, which then grow in size and secrete too much thyroid hormone. It is thought to be a genetic disorder. Thyroid hormone plays a significant role in the body’s metabolic processes. When too much thyroid hormone is present, every bodily function tends to speed up. Common symptoms include nervousness, irritability, increased perspiration, heart racing, tremors, anxiety, difficulty sleeping, thinning of the skin, fine brittle hair, weakness of the muscles in the upper arms and thighs, frequent bowel movements, weight loss and for women, menstrual flow may lighten or occur less often. In Grave’s disease, the eyes may look enlarged or bulge. A goiter, or swelling in the front of the neck from an enlarged thyroid gland, is also common.
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A radioactive scan may be done to see whether the entire thyroid gland is overactive. In this scan, radioactive iodine is administered to the patient which then may demonstrate diffuse enlargement and increased uptake of radioiodine. The extent of this uptake helps determine the dose of radioactive iodine necessary for treatment. Ultrasound may also be utilized to help determine the size and location of the affected thyroid gland, which can then be paired with the radioactive
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