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Gregor Mendel : Father Of Genetics

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Introduction Who was Gregor Mendel? Gregor Mendel was know as the “father of genetics”. Mendel was an Austrian monk and biologist. He was born July 22, 1822 in Heinzendorf, Austria. Mendel’s became the founder of modern genetics and the study of heredity, using experiments in his monastery’s garden. His experiments shows that the inheritance of certain trait of a pea plant that follows particular patterns. This became the foundation of modern genetics and leading the study of heredity.

Early Life/ Schooling Gregor Mendel was born as Johann Mendel on July 22, 1822, to his father Anton Mendel and his mother Rosine Mendel. He was born on his family farm in what was then Heinzendorf, Austria. He spent most of his younger days in that
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In 1853, after completing his studies at the University of Vienna, Medel returned to Brno and was given a teaching position and he would stay there for more than a decade. It was during this time that Mendel began the experiments for which he is best known for.

Experiments and Findings/Conclusion In 1854, Mendel he began his researching on the transmission of heredity traits in plant hybrids. During this time, it was an accepted fact that the heredity traits of the offspring of any species were merely the diluted blending of the traits that were present in the “parents.” Over the generations, a hybrid would revert to its original form, the implication which suggested that a hybrid couldn’t create any new form/forms. Even though that happened, the results of the studies were often skewed by the relatively short period of time during the experiments. Mendel’s research continued for about 8 years and involved tens of thousand of individual plants In his experiment, Mendel chose to use pea plants due to their man distinct varieties and also because the offspring could be quickly and easily produced. Mendel cross-fertilized the pea plants that had opposite characteristics and after analyzing the results, he reached two of his most important conclusions: the Law of Segregation, which established that there can be dominant and recessive traits passed on randomly from the parents to their offspring, and the other conclusion was the Law of Independent
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