Nutrition is how organisms break down food to makes sure that they take in all the key nutrients which are need to help the animal survive in it environment. Nutrition is important because it helps animals: see in the dark, helps animals grow, repair cells, it helps with reproduce and fight of disease. In this assignment I will be talking about the functions of all the nutrients, the sources which animals can get these nutrients from and how the nutrient can promote the health and welfare of the animal. I will also will be comment on the functions and structure of two different digestive systems for an monogastric (simple stomach) animal (Dog) and ruminant (cow).
So what is macro and micro nutrition?
Macro nutrition are nutrients which animals need in large amount. The nutrients animals need in large amount are carbohydrates, protein and fats. Micro nutrition is nutrients that animals in small amount. The nutrients animals need in small amount are vitamins and minerals.
What are fat soluble/ water-soluble vitamins?
Fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins that dissolve in lipid (fats). Examples of fat-soluble vitamins are vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K. Water soluble vitamins are vitamins that dissolve in water. Examples of water-soluble vitamins are vitamin C and Vitamin D.
There are seven key nutrients, which are: Carbohydrates, Protein, Fats/ Lipids, Vitamin, Minerals, Fibre and Water. I will now be describing the function; the source
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Nutrition is defined “as the science that links foods to health and disease. “ Nutrition is also called nourishment that provides food for support of life. Nutrition involves the process of humans ingesting, digesting, absorbing, and excreting food substances.Food provides energy in the form of calories needed to maintain all body cells. Nutrients are the substances obtained from food that are an important factor to promote growth & maintain a healthy body through an individuals’ life.
Nutrients are essential to our bodies thru our entire lives at different levels. The six essential nutrients include Protein, Water, Fat, Vitamins, Carbohydrates, and Minerals. These nutrients are important for our bodies to function. I will be writing about 3 different stages of Mathews life and the essential nutrients he needs at that stage of his life.
There are seven major classes of nutrients: carbohydrates, fats, fiber, minerals, protein, vitamin, and water.
Macronutrients are classified as nutrients that are consumed based on how much a person consumes to maintain health. Therefore, they are nutrients consumed in large amounts. Macronutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and water (McGuire & Beerman, 2013). Carbohydrates consist of hydrogen, oxygen, carbon atoms that help the human body function properly. They provide fuel for the brain and energy for working
Fat-soluble vitamins are nonpolar and can only be absorbed in the presence of fat. They are found in the fatty tissue after being stored there. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin. Examples of where Vitamin A is found in include: dairy products, dark fruits and vegetables, and egg yolk. Water-soluble vitamins are polar, so they dissolve in water. Water-soluble vitamins are used right away, so any excess vitamins are disposed of in urine, unlike fat-soluble vitamins witch are stored for a long time as fat. Our bodies needs vitamin C, which is a water-soluble vitamin. It is important that water-soluble vitamins get replaced because they are used up very quickly. Not having enough of Vitamin A can lead to blindness and the lack of Vitamin C will stop wounds from healing.
The minerals worthy of attention in animal nutrition include calcium, sodium, phosphorous, magnesium, manganese, copper, iron, zinc, and cobalt. Minerals are required by animals in substantially less amounts than other nutrients. Minerals perform specific functions in the body and are added to feedstuff in scientifically predetermined quantities. Minerals help to ensure that animals have appropriate weight gain and good reproductive characteristics. For livestock feed, animals acquire some minerals from mineral and salt blocks that are left in the open for them to lick. Additions to feedstuff may include bone meal, calcium carbonate, limestone, and premixed supplements. (CHSAS, 2011; Damron, 2013)
All these processes are needed for human life to survive, thrive and continue the human race. Nutrition can be in different forms, animals (humans) get their nutrition through food, physically eating, including carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins, minerals and fibre. Plants have a different kind of way they get their nutrition, through photosynthesis, getting their energy from the sun and other nutrients through the soil.
Nutrition is a very vital part of our everyday lives. Nutrition is how our body functions properly, or let alone functions at all. Nutrition is based off of many different things. The six most vital fat nutrients include carbohydrates, which can be grouped in either simple or complex, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals, and water. All of these are essential for your body in more than one way, but for today I am just going to talk about how much sugar and calories are in the drinks and candy we consume every day.
The six different nutrients are protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water. Protein have the building of the body, and not just for the muscle. Every cell, from bone to skin and hair, contains protein. Carbohydrates are necessary for a healthy body. Carbs fuel your body, especially your central nervous system and brain, and protect against disease, according to the Mayo Clinic. Fats often get a bad rap, but recent research has shown
Increasing awareness about the health of humans and companion animals has lead to the introduction of daily probiotic ingestion as a common practice. Probiotics are living organisms that naturally inhabit the gastrointestinal tract of both humans and companion animals. These microorganisms survive the highly acidic environment of the monogastric gastrointestinal tract and can be found living in the feces. Improvement of physical symptoms as well as the levels of microorganisms within the feces measures the effects of probiotics (Bybee et al., 2011: Scharek-Tedin et al., 2013: Lee et al., 2012). Researchers utilizing probiotics have addressed many different medical concerns such as chronic diarrhea and feline lower urinary
Despite the species or facet of the industry an operation is built to cater too, one of the easiest ways to improve the efficiency of livestock is through feed and nutrient management. Feed efficiency for livestock only becomes more important as farmers are responsible for feeding a growing population. However, in order to do that is important that a manager or owner understands the digestive system of that species and factors that can aid in this system ability to absorb the maximum amount of nutrients. This paper will be focused around different aspects of the ruminant digestive tract, and more specifically two of the smaller ruminant species being sheep and goats. I will explain in detail the 6 essential nutrients and why they are crucial to have in a feed ration, what occurs in each compartment of the stomach, including breakdown of feed,