Health And Welfare Of The Animal

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Nutrition is how organisms break down food to makes sure that they take in all the key nutrients which are need to help the animal survive in it environment. Nutrition is important because it helps animals: see in the dark, helps animals grow, repair cells, it helps with reproduce and fight of disease. In this assignment I will be talking about the functions of all the nutrients, the sources which animals can get these nutrients from and how the nutrient can promote the health and welfare of the animal. I will also will be comment on the functions and structure of two different digestive systems for an monogastric (simple stomach) animal (Dog) and ruminant (cow).

So what is macro and micro nutrition?
Macro nutrition are nutrients which animals need in large amount. The nutrients animals need in large amount are carbohydrates, protein and fats. Micro nutrition is nutrients that animals in small amount. The nutrients animals need in small amount are vitamins and minerals.

What are fat soluble/ water-soluble vitamins?
Fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins that dissolve in lipid (fats). Examples of fat-soluble vitamins are vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K. Water soluble vitamins are vitamins that dissolve in water. Examples of water-soluble vitamins are vitamin C and Vitamin D.
There are seven key nutrients, which are: Carbohydrates, Protein, Fats/ Lipids, Vitamin, Minerals, Fibre and Water. I will now be describing the function; the source

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