Unit 21 Nutrition in Health and Social Care P2

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utritionaP2- Describe the characteristics of nutrients and the benefits to the body.
In this assignment I will be describing the characteristics of nutrients and the benefits to the body.

Firstly, in order to obtain good health we need to consume a daily balanced diet. To do this, we must consume the daily amount of food requirements. In a balanced diet, there are seven essential components. These are: * Carbohydrates * Protein * Lipids * Vitamins * Minerals * Fibre * Water
Carbohydrates, proteins and lipids are known as macronutrients as the body needs masses of these nutrient components in order to carry out the bodies’ essential functions.
However, vitamins and minerals which are known as micronutrients
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When fatty acids are joined with glycerol, it loses water which is called the condensation reaction. However, when lipids contain a full amount of hydrogen, which then becomes saturated fat; this is a bad form of bad fatty acid. This form of lipids leads arteries being blocked, and then leads on to heart attacks.
The body needs certain fatty acids that the body is unable to make themselves; these fatty acids can be found in vegetables, seeds and different types of fish. Lipids also play a role in the immune system, our vision as well as helps with the productions of hormone-like substances. Lastly, some lipids contain a source of vitamin A, vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K and helps to make the skin healthy.
Types of lipids: * Meat * Egg yolks * Olive oil * Salmon * Sardines * Herring * Tuna
Vitamins
It is said to be six main vitamins that our bodies needs. The vitamins being: vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K.
Vitamin B and vitamin C are vitamins that are soluble in water, also known as water soluble. Whilst, vitamin D and vitamin k belong to a group that are soluble in fat which are known as fat soluble.
Each vitamin has its own importance within the body and the health. Vitamins are helpful for the health and life of the body in several ways that include:
A vitamin builds up the resistance of the body against diseases. It also prevents

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