Health Impact Assessment : The Health Of A Population And The Distribution Of Those Effects

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The National Research Council describes HIA as “a systematic process that uses an array of data sources and analytic methods, and considers input from stakeholders to determine the potential effects of a proposed policy, plan, program, or project on the health of a population and the distribution of those effects within the population. HIA provides recommendations on monitoring and managing those effects (Health Impact Assessment, 2015)”
Healthcare providers counsel their patients on ways to keep in good physical health. Similarly, Health Impact Assessments (HIA) offers the same guidance to communities. This information helps societies make educated choices about refining public health by means of community planning.
HIA is a method that aids in assessments of the possible health effects of an idea, assignment or program before it is constructed or applied. An HIA may offer recommendations to raise encouraging health outcomes and lessen adverse health results. HIA conveys possible public health effects and concerns to the decision-making method for strategies, plans, and rules that lay outside the customary public health areas like transportation and land usage.
The main steps in leading an HIA include screening, which classifies plans, ventures or strategies for which an HIA would be useful. Scoping detects which health effects to study. Evaluating dangers and benefits finds what and how people might be affected. Creating recommendations proposes changes to offers to
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