How Is Freud And Erikson's Psychosocial Theory Of Development

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Introduction Understanding development and changes in children is an important part of teaching and upbringing children. Theories of Human Development give us ideas to refer to understand and apply the process of human development. “They can help us find sources of behavior and trends, and account for the path that individuals follow, whether these can be called paths of growth or lack of progress.’ (Ayon, 2015) Different psychologists have contributed their theories which are helpful to understand important concepts and issues related to child development. Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory are two important psychoanalytic theories that teacher’s parents and other care takers need to go through if they are involved in educating and raising children. In this assignment I will try to compare and contrast Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory of development. Freud's psychosexual…show more content…
Both theorists recognize the importance of the unconscious on development. They both assumed that developments take place through a series of stages in a person's life and applied similar age groups for the stages of development. Differences between Freud’s psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory When we compare these two theories, there are many differences between these two theories. The first difference I have notice is the way they described the stages. Freud proposed five stages of development while Erikson proposed eight stages. Freud’s psychosexual theory emphasizes the importance of basic needs and biological forces, but Erikson's psychosocial theory is mostly focused upon social and environmental factors. Erikson extended his theory into adulthood until death, while Freud's theory ends at an earlier stage of development. Comparison of Psychosexual and Psychosocial
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