How to Treat Mental Health Conditions Essay

1039 Words 5 Pages
All treatments for mental health conditions are based on hypotheses that seek to explain their aetiology. These tend to be reductionist models approaching the problem from one dimension of the biopsychosocial paradigm. Unsurprisingly this approach is far from effective.
Four models and therapies will be described and evidence that offers support or otherwise will be discussed. It will then be concluded that to improve therapy success rates a multidimensional approach faithful to the biopsychosocial paradigm is required.
The monoamine hypothesis of mood disorders is a biological model which states that low levels of monoamine neurotransmitters cause depression. Evidence for this comes from the observation in drug studies that decreasing
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All treatments for mental health conditions are based on hypotheses that seek to explain their aetiology. These tend to be reductionist models approaching the problem from one dimension of the biopsychosocial paradigm. Unsurprisingly this approach is far from effective.
Four models and therapies will be described and evidence that offers support or otherwise will be discussed. It will then be concluded that to improve therapy success rates a multidimensional approach faithful to the biopsychosocial paradigm is required.
The monoamine hypothesis of mood disorders is a biological model which states that low levels of monoamine neurotransmitters cause depression. Evidence for this comes from the observation in drug studies that decreasing levels of monoamines caused depression and increasing levels lift it. The low levels of serotonin metabolites in the cerebrospinal fluid of depressed people, and up-regulation of serotonin receptors in the brains of suicide victims is also suggestive (Datta, 2010, pp. 58-61).
If the hypothesis is accurate then anti-depressant medications (ADM) which increase monoamine levels should offer relief. These are first-line treatments for depression but only 50% of depressed people are 'cured' when taking a single ADM. Different formulations or mixes of drugs are more successful (DeRubeis et al. (2008) in McLannahan, (2010, p. 99)). Also their mechanism of action is not clear because although neurotransmitter levels rise very quickly the
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