Hpv Article Critique : Human Papilloma Virus ( Hpv )
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HPV Article Critique Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the most commonly diagnosed sexually transmitted infection in the United States (Ault, 2006). Almost all sexually active men and women will contract HPV at least once during their lifetime (What is HPV?, 2015). Sexually active women below the age of twenty-five consistently have the highest rates of infection (Ault, 2006). The development of the HPV vaccine in 2006 has decreased the prevalence of infection from 11.5% to 5.1% among females ages 14 to 19 (CDC, 2015). High-risk strains of HPV are also “detected in 99% of cervical cancer cases” (Valdez, Stuart, Tanjasari, Levy, & Garza, 2015, p. 106). Therefore HPV infection is one of the most significant risk factors in the development of cervical cancer.
Purpose and Background The incidence of cervical cancer has been declining over the last thirty years. However, recent research has shown that compared to non-Hispanic whites there is a disproportionately higher rate of cervical cancer among African American, Latina, and some Asian American groups of women. Between 2008 and 2012 Latina women had the highest rate of invasive cervical cancer at 9.9 per hundred thousand (Valdez et al., 2015). African American women had the second highest incidence at 9.2 per hundred thousand. Non-Hispanic women had a rate of 7.1 per hundred thousand while Asian Americans had an incidence of 7.1 per hundred thousand. Korean, Filipino, and Vietnamese women are at high risk for