Ordinarily, Humanism does not believe in destiny or fate that intervenes and determines human affairs. Instead, it always advocates the application of science in human activities and promotes a scientific spirit of free enquiry into religious and ethical questions. In Agunpakhi, the narrator brings out the facts of how prejudices dominate the common life in society and how people helplessly surrender to an imaginary existence of destiny. In Pre-Independent period, People in rural areas of Bengal were too indifferent to the application of science in their day- to-day lives, and accordingly made their lives miserable. The value of a life was unknown to them and death was, no matter of regret as it was a habitual incident in their lives. People were far from the cocept of …show more content…
Kattama, the landlady of the Roy family brings a jewelry box and winks another woman to decorate newly married Agunpakhi with the ornaments. She addresses the narrator as her own daughter-in-law and advises her to look after the new family. The narrator is stunned to see that Kattama(the land lady), in spite of being a Hindu, regards her husband as her son and yet, does not touch her head at least for once to bless her. She is well aware of the fact that after their departure, Kattama will replace her present dress and will wash her body appropriately. Vivekananda used to hate this baseless zombification of Hindu primacy on untouchability than having probity on humanity. To him, God is one and he is the creator of all. He criticized those people who say, ‘Don’t touch me, I am holy’. Simple rural girl Agunpakhi, perhaps, knows nothing about Vivekananda, but her common sense of humanism gets struck at this attitude of the Hindu landlady. Her simple, innocent punch in the narration of the episode can hit any tawdry conservative mind
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The quest towards developing the ideal human character is sought after in both the Bhagavad-Gita and Confucius’ The Analects. In the Bhagavad Gita, the concept of sacred duty is prevalent throughout the text, as the warrior-prince Arjuna faces a moral dilemma throughout the story. In Confucius’ The Analects, filial piety is a virtue which impacts an individual’s character in relation to the Confucian religion. Sacred duty within the Gita requires the protection of one’s dharma, which is defined as the religious and moral law that manages an individual’s actions. Within Confucian thought, filial piety is a virtue of respect for one’s elders, ancestors, and parents within a community. Despite the differences between the contextual meanings of developing the ideal human, both the Bhagavad Gita and The Analects utilize their teachings towards developing ideal human character within the themes of sacred duty and filial piety with the goal of establishing a set of communal ethics to be maintained through different caste systems, essentially protecting the existing social structure. To argue this claim, I will begin by analyzing the similar intentions of deviating from selfish actions and thoughts to develop ideal human character. I will then express how the nature of this character leads towards the development of one’s sacred duty and filial piety. I will then connect these two ideas to show how together they work to develop a communal set of ethics aimed at maintaining order
Throughout time an individual’s role in which he fits into society has changed. One of the most noticeable changes in an individual’s role in society occurred during the Italian Renaissance during the 14th and 15th centuries with the introduction of Humanism. Humanism gave birth to the concept of individuality a notion which is still alive today. It said that humans mattered and that now mattered, that one should not be part of a whole but rather someone that is unique. Before Humanism people only thought of the after life, of whether they were going to heaven or hell, but with the introduction of Humanism people became more involved in the present, rather then just thinking of what happened after you died. Humanism transformed
Throughout history, the concept of humanism has changed and in a way evolved over the years. Many believe that humanism began with the early Greek civilizations, but there are many instances of non-Greek expressions of humanism. From Hammurabi’s Code in Mesopotamia, to the Romans art and sculptures, and lastly the way the Egyptians viewed their Pharaoh’s as leaders with supreme importance.
Dinesh D’Souza, the author of Staying Human, is originally from Bombay, India. In 1983, he earned his Bachelor’s degree from Dartsworth College. D’Souza is known as a leading conservative thinker, who wrote for numerous magazines, notably the National Review (McGraw-Hill 816). Dinesh D’Souza has generalized Staying Human to inform as well as voice his opinions about the rapidly changing inventions among the human race today, which serves as a rational project to human life in its entirety. D’Souza aimed to point out the specifics in racism and cultural relativism.
The Sangheili may choose to be friendly to Human personnel, however it is recommended that you do in order to improve relations. If a Human desires to provoke hostility with a Sangheili, the Sangheili must either try ending the conversation, alerting an NCO, CO, or Provost Officer of the situation, or intimidate the human, rather than inducing severe injuries to a human, for the Sangheili can easily kill Humans. Any hostile aggressive physical contact with a Human is strictly forbidden, unless it is in self defense. There was no formal alliance signed between the Humans and Sangheili, but simply various peace treaties, however one must try to be keep the peace, for hostility will be the end of all.
In Forever Peace, Joe Haldeman presents the unsettling idea of humanization as a way to achieve world peace. Humanization involves “jacking” people together until overwhelming empathy makes violence repugnant. Humanization is detrimental since it eliminates feelings of guilt needed for moral advancement.
Human nature is a broad subject. What does it truly mean? It is a word with more than just one definition. To put in simpler terms, human nature is characterized into two major types; human perception and human behaviour. Of course, not all humans have the same perspective. Likewise, they all do not perform the same behaviours. Humans are different from one another, as is every other living entity. Because of this, there may be similarities between humans, but there are most definitely differences as well. Written by Khaled Hosseini, The Kite Runner is a book that describes the life of a young Sunni Muslim/Pashtun named Amir. The book follows his life as he changes from childhood to adulthood to show how human nature greatly affects his life, and the individuals around him. This book is filled with many characters that have unique strengths and weaknesses that help describe their ‘human nature.’ For instance, Baba, Amir’s father, nicknamed as Mr. Hurricane, is described as an extremely brave person who acts upon himself to help and defend others from their troubles. An example of this is when he decides to build an orphanage (Hosseini 12-13). His downfall in the end was his decision to reject the chemotherapy, as his bravery made him ignorant. The author’s perspective on human nature shows how it is able to determine the fate of an individual throughout their life. This is evident on Amir’s case, as his actions revolve around the
There is no hint of displeasure on her face as she diligently carries out her duty as an ‘ideal wife’. Also why should she have any objection for ‘as long as she lives, a woman’s God and master is her husband’. This scene emphasises the nature of a traditional marital relationship in Indian culture and the presumed duties of a woman as a wife. The text of the Ramayana is considered to be sacred and is followed religiously by people. If it happens to call a woman’s husband her master and God, its influence on the psyche of the people, especially the women, is self
At the turn of the 16th century, the Italian Peninsula was marred in brutal conflicts. Nations across Europe, such as France, Spain and the Holy Roman Empire constantly raged wars to keep each other out of the numerous territories around Italy. During this tumultuous time period, a man named Niccolo Machiavelli studied in Florence and witnessed firsthand the issues that rulers often faced while attempting to conquer these Italian cities. His experiences prompted him to write a literary work on his opinion of the ruling class, and his philosophy on how rulers should rule over their subjects. However, his novel The Prince, is an interesting outlier of the time, as parts of it contradict the popular social view of Humanism, which focused on the
The notion of human nature has always been historically debated. Explores, philosophers, and writers have always come to argue on what is considered to be barbarism, savagery, and civilized. These constructed categories have put a label on people who do not share the same ideas as one another. These different views of human nature have come to propel change and have come to revolutionized human history. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Michel de Montaigne, and Thomas Hobbes all differ on their ideas of human nature, but they also share common ground. For some of these men the practices of different cultures are categorized as savagery, and for others it has been viewed as noble savagery. Their ideas however have allowed society to view different perspectives of human nature. These perspectives have classified human nature as a way of life, or as an obstacle to what is consider to be the good life. Their ethnographic resources provide a glimpse to all the different cultures and their value to society and history.
Encarta Dictionary says that Humanism is a system of thought that centers on human beings and their values, capacities and worth. Encarta also goes on the say that, in philosophy, humanism is an attitude that emphasizes the dignity and worth of an individual. A basic premise of humanism is that people are rational beings who possess within themselves the capacity for truth and goodness. I see myself as a being a humanist through everyday life. I always try to see the good in a person when he/she makes me angry or sad, and say I to myself that maybe that person has had a bad day and living life is difficult at the moment. Socrates was even an early humanist of sorts. He can be quoted as saying, "to know the good is to do the
If Homo sapiens is to survive his present predicament, he will have to rediscover these two primary ethical virtues. In order to understand the pervasive practice of nonviolence in Hinduism, one must investigate the meaning of life. Why is life sacred? For India’s ancient thinkers, life is seen as the very stuff of the Divine, an emanation of the Source and part of a cosmic continuum. The nature of this continuum varies in Hindu thought. Some hold that the individual evolves up through life forms, taking more and more advanced incarnations which culminate in human life. Others believe that according to one’s karma and samskaras, the process can even be reversed, that is, one can achieve a “lower” birth. Even those Indians who do not believe in reincarnation of an individual still hold that all that exists abides in the Divine. They further hold that each life form—even water and trees—possesses consciousness and energy. Whether the belief is that the life force of animals can evolve into human status, or that the opposite can also take place, or simply that all things enjoy their own consciousness, the result is the same—a reverence for life. Not all of Earth’s one billion Hindus are living in a perfect state of ahimsa all of the time. Sometimes conditions at hand may force a situation, a regrettable
Incidentally, it can be reminded of a well known advice of Vivekananda to his disciples that India needs a holy man, who can inspire others to heaven by playing football than studying Bhagbadgita. India is a country where people are very much dependent on religious doctrines than keeping faith in the truth of hard work or ‘karma’. Too much obsession with religion only blocks the potentialities of a man’s creativity. It makes the women folk prejudiced and their counterpart aggressive. The Indian concept of Humanism, therefore, believes in secular thinking and stresses on selfless service, practice of which can remove all narrowness of mind and can ensure progress and development.
Across the planes of the world, a common theme developed is human subjectivity. A person’s belief influences their morals and ethics, which make up their character. Ethics and morals are about making the right choice; morals, values, and ethics define who we are what we believe. Ethics became the responsibility for an individual for his decision; to live in harmony with the people of all religions, races, castes, and nations are part of one’s character. To analyze what makes one’s character using Ramayana and Aristotle, it is important to evaluate each of their statements and what they are trying to explain. After comparing what each says, we will be in position of establishing the essence of a human character and their morals and ethics.