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Humanistic View Of Learning

Decent Essays
Humanistic views of learning and motivation to learn
Humanism
In psychology, humanism is the study of the whole person (thoughts, feelings, behaviour and needs) and focuses on the innate potential of humans. Humanists believed that humans are unique, self-direct and able to make decisions and set goals based on their awareness of their internal thoughts and feelings of themselves and the world (McInerney, 2006, pp. 258-259). These thoughts and feelings comprise of three main drivers. The individual’s identity of who they are and where they are going, their connectedness and how they interact with others and the power to take control of one’s life and know one’s limits (McInerney, 2006, p. 259).

Humanists

Two influential humanistic approaches
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Motivation
Motivation comes in two forms and can be applied individually or together depending on the specific situation faced by the individual. Extrinsic motivation is where the individual will be motivated to attain or avoid a consequence based on the approval or disapproval of others, and intrinsic motivation refers to an individual being motivated for their own achievement and pleasure (McDevitt, 2013, p. 546).
Why do teachers need to support motivation?
What motivates a student is personal but can be seen through the engagement and disengagement of a student in teaching and learning activities. Therefore, engagement is an important element of learning because it makes learning possible and provides teachers with the feedback they need to gauge ‘how well their efforts to motivate students are working’ (O’Donnell et al., 2016, pp. 450-451). Teachers can promote students’ engagement to enhance students’ intrinsic motivation by providing activities that are interesting and encourages self-direction. Teachers can also engage themselves in the act of relatedness by relating to students in a caring way to aid extrinsic motivation (O’Donnell et al., 2016, p.
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