Motivation is the number one driving force behind anything and everything an individual does each day. “Motivation is the desire to do the best possible job or to exert the maximum effort to perform an assigned task. Motivation energizes, directs, and sustains human behavior directed towards a goal.” (Honor, 2009). Motivation can determine the outcome of projects, goals, and can set limits on what an individual can obtain or what they believe they can obtain. Motivation often is the deciding factor on how successful a project in an organization is, and an individual’s needs and desires can both influence a person’s motivation greatly. Motivation can also determine how well an individual does in school, college, or university.
Types of Motivation
There are several different kinds of motivation, and some of the different types include extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, physiological motivation, and achievement motivation. Intrinsic, extrinsic, and psychological motivation all play a role in an individual’s achievement motivation. Extrinsic motivation is motivation from outside circumstances that can influence an individual’s motivation. Extrinsic motivation factors can range from social acceptance, a promotion, or even a monetary reward. Intrinsic motivation on the other hand is motivation that comes from within an individual. Intrinsic motivation factors would be a person’s enjoyment and satisfaction they get from achieving a task. A person’s
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Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides, and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. Motivation is what causes us to act, whether it is getting a glass of water to reduce thirst or reading a book to gain knowledge. (Cherry, 2016) Motivation plays the role in everyday lives. Ones motivation to do something differs from ones feels and the type of motivation towards the action that is being done. By studying motivation, we learn what gives our behavior its purpose, direction and sustainability. (Bond & McConkey, 2001, p. 6.3).
“Motivation is the process whereby goal-orientated activity is instigated and sustained” (Schunk, Pintrich & Meece, 2008. As cited in Eggen & Kauchak, 2010, p.284). Motivation comes in many forms and can be divided into two broad categories - extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivators are external
There are certain theories that works in the business organization at both practical and theoretical levels and one of such theories is motivation. The term motivation has been defined, discussed and has been dealt with a number of times as in accordance with the changing dynamics of the business organizations. Richard M. Ryan and Edward L. Deci defines a person to be motivated if, a person is moved to do something. (2000). Thereby it simply means that the one who is not energized or focused to be moving to his desired goal is unmotivated.
Intrinsic and extrinsic types of motivation have been widely studied and the understanding of each has
With highly developed science nowadays, people still not quite understand how we motivate, and what actually support us to attain our dream in daily life. Although huge numbers of scientists keep researching on how motivation works in our brain, we cannot make a conclusion about the truth of the motivation in the past century. Luckily, Daniel Pink announces his latest results, “The Puzzle of Motivation”, on TED in 2009, which gives us a brand new idea about our motivation and how we could improve us by learning his method. In this essay, I will illustrates the main point of Daniel Pink, the evidence given in his speech, also the benefits I get from his idea which increase my self-motivation and helps me improve my study experience.
Motivation is an inner drive or state that stimulates the individual in a particular direction or keeps them engaged in a certain activity. Motivation determines whether the person continues with the task at hand or not. There are two types of motivation; intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsically motivated individuals hold learning various types of course information in high regard without receiving any reward or reinforcement. In contrast, extrinsically motivated people depend solely on the rewards that come with a job well done. The reward is normally used as a catalyst for the motivation (Lei 153).
There have been numerous books, articles and studies regarding the subject of motivation. What motivates and individual? What motivates you? A focus on benefits and rewards has been suggested to motivate as well as setting up rules and guidelines for success. What if that is not what motivates an individual? In his book Drive, Daniel H. Pink (2009) discusses a wide range of concepts and suggests that the real motivation comes from within ourselves, and by developing the individual we become happier, increase our performance and
Motivation is a crucial tool to retain and bring the best out of human capital of an organization. Most successful organizations plan their motivational strategies based on employee needs and requirement. Likewise, motivational strategies may differ for employees in early career from that of late career workers.
Motivation is the driving power which keeps people going and business always strives to motivate their employees to their best of ability. Motivation represents a crucial challenge for existing organizations. Motivation is very much driven by the work conditions companies create for their employees, how they structure goals and objectives, and how they reward people for the accomplishment of those goals.
-Intrinsic motivation; this is related to psychological rewards such as using one’s ability, a sense of challenge and achievement. These rewards can be determined by the actions and behaviour of individual managers. (Mullins, L. (2010))
Generally, motivation is defined as “the intention of achieving a goal, leading to goal-directed behavior which is reflected at the end of a project” (Whittington and Evans, 2005). Motivation therefore is a perceived drive that can be enforced into an employee and can either make the employee achieve or not to achieve the organizational goals and attain personal goals as the end results (Young, 2009).
Peter Drucker the famous 20th century management consultant may have described motivation best saying, “We know nothing about motivation – all we can do is write books about it”. Motivation is a commonly used buzzword thrown around in daily conversations without much meaning behind it. Motivation defined by Jason Colquitt and company in Organizational Behavior is as follows “a set of energetic forces that originates both within and outside an employee, initiates work-related effort, and determines its direction, intensity, and persistence” (Colquitt, LePine and Wesson ).
Merriam-Webster(2013) dictionary describes Intrinsic Motivation as, “Motivation to engage in a behavior arises from within the individual because it is intrinsically rewarding”(Merriam-Webster, 2013). Content vs. Process theory describes intrinsic motivation. Merriam-Webster(2013) states that Extrinsic Motivation is motivation that comes from an external source(Webster, 2013). Natural vs. Rational Theory describes extrinsic motivation because a person is looking for an outside reward such as a trophy, or an increased salary.
Having grown up as the youngest of three boys, each of whom had vastly different educational experiences, I have always been intrigued with the concepts and methods of motivation. My two older brothers were adopted in 1970 and 1972 and when my mother “accidentally” got pregnant with me in 1974, my parents were destined to raise three boys with three completely different genetic and psychological make-ups. My oldest brother failed to make it out of eleventh grade despite scoring high on aptitude tests. He had significant behavioral issues and was constantly in trouble with the law. My middle brother had mild dyslexia and emotional problems that later in his adult life was diagnosed as ADHD. Looking back, low self-efficacy and learned helplessness was rampant in the psychology of my brothers within the classroom. Schoolwork was a major struggle and they failed to place value on success or failure. They were not motivated to perform in school despite being raised in a supportive, loving family. And so I have always wondered, why? Did their teachers accept their habituation as laziness and fail to explore different motivating techniques? Could my parents have done more? Why are some children more motivated than others?
Motivation is an important factor which can increase the efficiency in an organization. People need to be motivated in order to use organizational resources effectively. The ability of the manager to motivate his/her workers affects their performance (productivity). Motivation is an effective tool in the hands of management in stimulating the labor force. Motivation increases the eagerness of the employees to work, thus increasing productivity and value of the organization.