Hypertension Prevention And Control Interventions

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Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a major health issue worldwide, contributing to a large proportion of stroke, chronic kidney disease (CDK), and heart failure cases. However, organized hypertension prevention and control interventions have decreased the detrimental outcomes. Since the management of salt consumption also plays a role in decreasing of blood pressure in the population at risk, a global-based assessment of hypertension programs and salt consumptions was performed. This quantitative data provided geographical patterns, which were evaluated to identify and determine the countries in greatest need. Understanding which countries need additional resources will help promote and distribute hypertension and salt management…show more content…
“[Since] stroke is the second leading cause of disability, after dementia and that high blood pressure causes about 50% of ischemic strokes and increases the risk of hemorrhagic stroke (Stroke. (2015)…). It is important to acknowledge the need of hypertension programs in disadvantage countries with the highest stroke death rates. Another major health issue related to hypertension is chronic kidney disease (CKD). Nearly 10% of the population worldwide is affected by CKD. CKD is when the kidneys are not able to function normally. For example, as the kidney’s functions begin to fail over time, excess waste fluids will start to build up causing CKD, which can lead to the development of hypertension, anemia, osteopenia, poor nutritional health, nerve damage, and an increase chance of cardiovascular disease. In addition, these problems may progress slowly over time and can be caused by other factors such as diabetes, hypertension, and other disorders. Early detection and treatment can often reduce the effects of CKD. Unfortunately, when CKD progresses, it eventually leads to kidney failure and will require dialysis or a kidney transplant to live (About Chronic Kidney Disease. (2015). Retrieved July 6, 2015, from https://www.kidney.org/kidneydisease/aboutckd#ckd). A major contributor to high blood pressure is high sodium intake. To counteract the increase in sodium intake, salt
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