Essay about IB History IA

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'' Which factors led to the civil war in Spain? Why did the war breakout in July 1936? ''

Francisco Abadal Ramon

Section A: Plan of investigation

This paper investigates ''to what extent did the left wing political opposition lead to the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939?'' In order to reach to a valid conclusion this investigation will be focusing on the comparison of different factors that took place before an during the Spanish Civil War, such as the role of the Spanish Army and the Church, the nature of the economy and the new left wing ideologies. The method of investigation will be a detailed research of primary source evidence such as speeches, and as well reliable secondary source
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Values linked to origins and purpose

Limitations linked to O and P

Section D: Analysis

This paper is answering to the question: ''to what extent did the left wing political opposition lead to the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939?'' There are many factors that influenced and that caused the Spanish Civil War breakout, however this essay is focusing in 4 long run causes, more specifically: the role of the Spanish Army, the role of the Church, the nature of the economy and the new left wing ideologies.

The Spanish army had a very powerful influence in politics, due to its role in Spain's imperial past. It was likely to be compared as the protector of the nation. The Spanish army had already intervened before in politics several times, the last one in 1936, breaking out the war. It did not have an appeal on the working class, since they were very brutal, and more important, very expensive to maintain with very high taxes. They were more likely to be related to the middle-high class, and therefore even more unlikely to cause an appeal on the Spanish labour force. For this labour force the Spanish Army was just a symbol of fascist authority. After the progressive Popular Front was selected, the middle-high class already planned a military offensive against the leftists’ ideologies.

The second factor discussed is the role of the Church. The Church, as always has been,
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