IA Research Paper
Did the siege of Baghdad by the Mongols in 1258 A.D. cause the decline of the Abbasid Caliphate, causing the decline of Islam 's Golden Age?
Identification and evaluation of the sources:
The Abbasid Caliphate founded by the Abbasid Dynasty in 758 was a major mainstream Islamic Empire, stretching from Central Asia to Africa and Spain, Europe. The Mongol Khanate of Chenghis Khan from Mongolia and rapidly growing from China Sea to Central Asia. these two most paramount kingdoms of the 1200 Century only separated between by the Khwarezmid Sultanate of the Shahenshah Ala ad Din Muhammad, currently modern day Iran. Both of the these very distinct and different civilization flourished in their own domain.
Genghis Khan and the…show more content… The abbasid caliphate was the third in line successor of Islam after the prophet muhammed (pbuh) selected the four rightly guided caliphs, The Umayyad Dynasty took over. Then in 750 ad they umayyads were overthrown by the abbasids.
The capital was changed from damascus, syrian state to baghdad, iraq state. The umayyed were not going to give up without a challenge and with the help of the berber tribes the moors muslims of spain, in 756 ad the umayyad broke off the spain state from the caliphate establishing the moorish empire. Tention and uprising grew up in egypt and neighbouring african states as well as the seljuk turks of turkey (that were influenced by the moors of spain). And soon they too, separated from the caliphate and formed their own Seljuk turks of rum and Mamluk Sultanate of egypt and africa.
The Mongolian Conquest of Genghis Khan led to the decline of the Islamic golden age. Particularly the civilization that are closed linked to this decline are the Abbasid caliphate and the sultanate of Khwarezmia. Now this demise of the Islamic golden age is affiliated with the direct fall of the Abbasid caliphate but not mentioning the sultanate of khwarezmia will certainly affect the story and context behind this tragedy that will claim countless number of innocent live and leaving cities into desolate ruins. But most intriguing part of this history would be how the very Inability