Idiopathic Parkison's Disease

779 WordsFeb 24, 20183 Pages
PARKINSON'S DISEASE Parkinson also known as idiopathic Parkinson basically targets dopamine in brain nerve cells specially in mid brain and substantia nigra causes cell death. In Parkinson disorder levels of dopamine are decreased in brain. In early stage of Parkinson signs are very oblivious which includes tremors (shaking of hands), muscle rigidity and slowness of movement. Treatment can relief the symptoms but do not cure the disease. CLASSIFICATION: 1. IDIOPATHIC PARKINSON'S DISEASE: In this type no particular cause is determined but it is most prevalent form of Parkinson. It is chronic and characterized by tremors and degeneration of brain cells. Progress of this type varies from person to person. Early diagnosis is beneficial for the treatment of this type. 2. VASCULAR PARKINSONISM: Is atypical form of Parkinson and it is mostly caused by diabetes and hypertension or patients suffering from these 2 disorders are at high risk to suffer from this type of Parkinson. Major symptoms difficulty in speaking and confused thoughts. 3. DRUG-INDUCED PARKINSONISM: It is rare type and chances of occurrence is 7% Drugs mainly neuroleptic drugs - used to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders block dopamine hence decreasing the levels of dopamine in brain. These drugs are the biggest cause of drug-induced Parkinsonism. The symptoms of drug-induced Parkinsonism are very difficult to identify 4. DEMENTIA WITH LEWY BODIES: Dementia with Lewy bodies is similar,

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