Although Tanzania implemented different plans, including the five year plan to improve agriculture for self-reliance Kim (1986) for uplifting the poor, it might be said too that the country suffered from internal and external calamities plus the external debt crisis (Wade, Mwasaga, & FJ Eagles, 2001; Sarkar, 2011, Sitta, 2010). The country became one of the indebted countries. Adding to that the war between Tanzania and Uganda in 1978-79 froze millions of dollars from Tanzania (Vavrus, & Moshi, 2009; Mkapa, 2010), pushing the country into economy turmoil. Poverty increased, creating rationing on social needs, and people lined up to acquire their basic needs. In the same way, the global oil price increase in the 1970s, between 25-30% added …show more content…
The climate change, on the other hand, accompanied by frequent drought, drove the country to a severe hunger in the early 1970s (Nyerere, 1985, and the economic failure. The economic ideology shift of the transatlantic nations (Cronin, 2014) the aid dependence Tanzania (Lofchie, 2014) severely affected the country during the 1970s resulting to economic meltdown and “difficult financial relationships between donors and the then Tanzania government. The weak relation destabilized “education and health” care services, the problem that continue to exist in Tanzania. All these issues led the country to economic instability and they failed Tanzania’s educational ideal intended to empower citizen with the ability to master the environment and community in which they live (Wabike, 2015, p. 30). Nyerere once told the international community that hunger in Africa is a relevant problem. The unfavorable relationships between the rich and poor countries increase the African helplessness. They instead overlook Africans and disqualify them from the globe dialogues (Nyerere 1985). Unfair trade and disqualification of Africa, including Tanzania led to what (Lofchie, 2014) claimed to be failed economic policies in the country. Although Nyerere’s policies, discounted to failure by some, according to (Wabike, 2015) yet, his government intended: To build a society in which all members have equal rights and equal opportunities; […] live in peace
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Equality – Equality is about creating a fairer society, where everyone can participate and has the
Whilst raising money for African charities at school I developed an interest in global inequality and alternative policies that can help low-income nations escape the poverty trap. Reading ’23 Things’ by Ha-Joon Chang, I was intrigued by his view on blaming free-market policies like SAPs that exposed sub-Saharan Africa to international competition, slowing economic growth. Hence, this extended my research to the other side of the
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(5) To ensure that every adult is literate and has the skills necessary to compete in a global economy and is able to fulfill the duties of citizenship; and