Improving Social Compliance in Bangladesh's Ready-Made Garment Industry

9150 WordsJun 19, 201337 Pages
Improving Social compliance in Bangladesh's Ready-made Garment Industry Author FERDOUS AHAMED, Ph.D Faculty of Business, Economics and Law, La Trobe University, Australia Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts in General History University of Dhaka, Bangladesh Master of Business Administration in Marketing and HRM Northern University, Bangladesh Master of Commercial Law (Studying), La Trobe University, Australia 42 Wilcox Street, Preston, Victoria 3086, Australia E-mail: Tel: 0610433051172 Abstract More than 78% of Bangladesh’s export earnings come from the garment industry. The ready-made garments (RMG) sector has a greater potential than any other sector in terms of employment and foreign exchange earnings to…show more content…
Indeed, employers treat the RMG workers as slaves, exploiting workers to increase their profit margins and keep their industry competitive in the face of increasing international competition (Kumar A., 2006). Continuous work schedule, wage penalties, physical and verbal abuse are common. Women workers face physical abuse and sexual harassment inside as well as outside the factories, but management does not ensure the security of women workers. Alam (2004) suggested regulatory measures and its strict implementation and monitoring by the government agency that could overcome work place in security problem of garments workers in Bangladesh. Work areas are often overcrowded with limited workspaces, causing occupational hazards such as musculoskeletal disorders and contagious diseases. Injuries, fatalities, disablement and death from fire and building collapses are frequent in the RMG 3 sector (Majumder P, 1998). The absence of labour standards monitoring system and ineffective building codes, poor enforcement and outdated labour laws, and a lack of awareness of labour rights among workers. Labour unrest 4 is common in the RMG sector. In most cases, employers do not draw attention to workers’ rights and ignore labour standards and discarding fair labour practices. Formation of a trade union is often thwarted by severe repression, dismissal, arrest, assault by hooligans hired by employers, and other practices

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