In 21St Century Great Britain, The Idea Of Death Penalty

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In 21st Century Great Britain, the idea of death penalty seems outdated and repulsive. However, the United Kingdom has had a long history of executions for those that have committed treason and so on. The last hanging dating back to 1964, the death sentence has been abolished since 1965 (The Murder Act 1965).

These criminals were dealt with in many ways ranging from hanging, shooting, burning, burying and so on. Since the 5th Century, hanging was the most common method to execute wrongdoers. Hanging are usually used for common folk, while guillotine is specifically for highborn.

There were much law enacted to dealt with the body after the punishment to make the sentence look worse. One includes the body being cut up for anatomical
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In this case, nobody could base their own experience to make such decisions for someone else, only the patient can put themselves in their own shoes and understand the true magnitude of the situation.

On one hand, some patients’ life are hanging on by a thread, where the only thing keeping them alive is artificial nutrition and hydration (“ANH”). The medical state of these people could possibly be categorized in the three “disorders of consciousness”. Being in one of those conditions, they lack the capacity to make a conclusion on whether or not to live or die.

Therefore, other ways are done to bring the decision to light. An “advance decision” is where they have already made preparation anticipating such events, stating whether they choose to live or die. Not only that, a “Lasting Power of Attorney” (“LPA”) which would make the choice for the patients based on the circumstances of the patient’s welfare. There are also concerns as to whether the patients were in an autonomous state making such preparation, whether they were uninfluenced by others, their decision solely based on their reasoning.

Peter Jackson J has observed: ‘anyone capable of making decisions has an absolute right ti accept or refuse medical treatment, regardless the wisdom or consequences of the decision. The decision does not have to be justified to anyone. In the absence of consent, any invasion of
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