Internet Protocol And Its Effect On The Internet

1698 Words May 8th, 2016 7 Pages
Q1
Devices, such as smart phones and laptops, connect to the internet requiring a unique internet address for them to make the internet to function. The internet addresses are provided by the internet protocol (Levin & Stephen, 2014). Currently, the very large proportion of the internet protocol (IP) addresses are provided by the internet protocol vision 4(IPv4) (Hamarsheh, Marnix , & Rafe , 2011). The address format in IPv4 is dotted decimal notation. Internet protocol visions 4 uses 32-bit address which can provide 4,294,967,296 (232) addresses (Turiel, 2011). That means, this vision of internet protocol could allow about 4 billion devices to connect to the internet at the same time. Since IPv4 was deployed in 1981, IPv4 has played a great role over 30 years for internet to function. (Hamarsheh, Marnix , & Rafe , 2011). However, with the increasing number of the devices connecting the Internet, the total number of addresses (232) provided by IPv4 is not big enough anymore. Hence, a new vision of internet protocol is required sooner. The internet protocol vision 6(IPv6) is the upcoming vison to provide more IP addresses. The address size of IPv6 is 128-bit number and the number of addresses is 2128. That means 340,282,366,920,938,463, 463,374,607,431,768,211,456 addresses can be provided by IPv6. The address format is hexadecimal notation in IPv6 (Levin & Stephen, 2014). Obviously, one of the advantages of IPv6 is providing more IP addresses. Moreover, no requiring for…
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