Islam Is A Religion Based On The Oneness Of God

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Islam is a religion based on the Oneness of God (tawhid), who is identified by His Arabic name, Allah. Deepa Kumar starts off with the base the religion stands on, which is the belief that there is only one God. This belief stands as the one of the five fundamentals of Islam known as the five pillars. This pillars is known as the Shaha’dah, as a Muslim (a follower of Islam) testifies to the oneness of God by reciting “There is no god but God” followed by “Muhammad is the messenger of God” in Arabic. This two-part testification is the heart of Islam and is used as a source of identification for Muslims. In Islam, Allah is the source of everything including both cosmic and human qualities (discussed later on). In addition, the Divine Qualities of Allah is based on His description in the Quran through His Names and Attributes. This includes that God is neither male nor female and has attributes that represent both feminine and masculine properties (Nasr, Heart of Islam). Although Islam is a monolithic religion, it is not a homogeneous religion. Islam consists of 1.57 billion followers and is widely practiced around the world and consists of many branches within the two main denominations. The two main denominations of Islam are Sunnism and Shi’ism. Sunnism is known as a large majority within Islam as it claims about 87%-90% of the Muslim population around the world (Kumar, Framing Islam). The term Sunni comes from the people who follow the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad
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