There has been a considerable amount of academic research performed in the area of evaluating the feasibility of WTE systems through technology, environmental, and economical analysis. Some of these studies have been done by Jamasb and Nepal (2010), Zaman (2010), Evangelisti et al (2013) and Nixon et al (2013).
Jamasb and Nepal (2010) assessed the economic and environmental aspects of waste management options in the UK with focus on waste management targets and carbon prices, and the results were then compared with the conventional coal fired power systems. Comparisons were made through developing a social cost benefit analysis of recycling, energy recovery through landfill gas, incineration and coal power generation. The paper concluded that WTE is cost effective in comparison to a coal-fired plant, but the technology requires government policies and subsidies to allow the market to develop. This study could be further developed by including other advanced WTE technologies such as AD and ATT in the assessment, as well as taking into consideration the more recent developments in UK renewable energy government policies.
In another paper, Zaman (2010) analysed the environmental performances of three waste treatment technologies: sanitary landfill with energy recovery, incineration and gasification-pyrolysis. The methodology used was through conducting life cycle analysis (LCA) with SimaPro software, with the context of a Swedish waste treatment system. The author concluded