Jean Piaget 's Influence On Children

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At the age of 21, Jean Piaget earned a PhD from the University of Neuchatel with an interest in human organisms and the mechanisms that created scientific bodies of knowledge (Good, Mellon, Kromhout, 1978, p. 688). He began to study child development and through observation of his children and other children, he began to form a theory that focuses on the mental structures created to help children adapt to the world. Piaget felt that in order to help children adapt they use schemas. These schemas were used by children to understand and organize different knowledge and distinguish one thing, or group of things from another. After collecting this knowledge Piaget felt that children processed it in two different ways. The first was through…show more content…
He proposed that equilibration was a mechanism that children used to shift from one stage of development to another and it was actually caused by disequilibrium. In Paget’s theory he explains that this “occurs as children experience cognitive conflict, or disequilibrium, in trying to understand the world.” (Santock, et al ,2015, p.163). These concepts greatly contribute to the idea of child development because it explains not only how children adapt and grow into the world around them but it also explains why they do so. The ideas of adaptation, schemes, assimilation, accommodation, organization, and equilibration create the bases for child development. From how it is stored, how it is taken in, and how and why it changes, Piaget used these ideas to essentially outline how a child’s brain process knowledge and ideas in every way. Piaget now wanted to take this theory even farther. He created a theory to explain cognitive development at many different ages. His theory explained that cognitive development consists of four stages; sensorimotor, preoperational, concreter operational, and formal operational. The sensorimotor stage begins at birth and lasts until about the age 2. Piaget divided the stage into 6 sub-stages consisting of, simple reflexes, first habits and primary circular reactions, secondary circular reactions, coordination of secondary circular reactions, tertiary circular reactions, novelty, and curiosity, and the final sub-stage is internalization of
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