Juvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention

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As of July 2015, the United States population has been reported at 321,238,352- accounting for at least 25% of the human population. 5% out of the 25% of this population is the percentage of youths that are incarcerated or confined (Census, n.d). According to the U.S Department of Justice’s office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency prevention, it was reported in 2011 that 1 in 13 of juvenile arrests were for murder, and about 1 in 5 arrests were for robbery, burglary, or larceny-theft; totaling in an estimated amount of 1,470,000 arrests for 2011(Puzzanchera, 2013). The most popular crime committed between juveniles is Arson, which makes up for 44% of all crimes committed in youths. Robbery and burglary both account for 25% of crimes, up there at an astonishing 24% is property crimes. Aggravated assault and violent crimes account for less than 15% of juvenile crimes (King, 2003).
In 2005, racial disparities led to approximately thirty- one million incarcerations of juvenile offenders (Crutchfield, Fernandes, Martinez, 2010 p. 912). Statistics from the criminal justice department show a disturbing trend of adversities between the black and white races in United States institutions. Data from national and individual state show an increase in each stage of the juvenile justice program due to racial disparities. Studies show that confinement rates reflect that the juvenile justice system treats minority youths more punitively than white youths. When African American juveniles
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