Lab 6: Diffusion and osmosis Honey I Shrunk the Carrot is the tittle of Lab 6. In this lab, the objective was to observe the changes in size of a carrot. The tip of both carrots was removed and a string was tied around both carrots. Two Styrofoam cups of distilled water was prepared and two grams of salt was added to one cup. One carrot was placed in the salt water, and another was placed in the distilled water. Both cups were put to the side, and sat for twenty-four hours. At the end of the twenty-four hours the change in the size of each carrot was recorded based on the looseness or tightness of the string. The carrot in the salt water shrunk in size, while the carrot in the distilled water swelled. In this lab, I learned the way osmosis and diffusion work in nature. The carrot and the salt water was a decent representation of the process. By observing the carrots, the swelling or shrinking of cells during diffusion and osmosis was illustrated and better understood. Osmosis happens in cells, but we also use it in technology. Osmosis is used to preserve fruits and meats according to Science Clarified. “In the case of fruit, osmosis is used to dehydrate it, whereas in the preservation of meat, osmosis draws salt into it, thus preventing the intrusion of bacteria” (1). According to the World Future Society, people in Europe are trying to turn osmosis into a source of renewable energy. “Osmotic power, as it is called, creates electricity when quantities of salt water are
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Osmosis is a natural occurrence constantly happening within the cells of all living things. For osmosis to occur, water molecules must move across a semipermeable membrane from an area of low concentration to an are of high concentration. In order to understand osmosis, people must understand the different types of concentrations that can be present within solution. One of them is an Isotonic solution where the concentration of dissolved particles is equal to that of a cell’s. Another is a hypertonic solution where there is a higher concentration of dissolved particles then inside the cell. And lastly there is a hypotonic solution where there are less dissolved particles than inside the cell. As dissolved particles move to a region of lower concentration, water moves the opposite direction as a result of there being less water in the highly concentrated region. In this experiment, gummy bears were placed in salt water, sugar water, and tap water to find the measure of osmosis between the solution and gummy bear.
The main purpose of the experiment was to test the idea that water would move from the higher concentration to the lower concentration. In order to test this theory, we placed potato slices in 7 different containers, each containing different concentrations of NaCl, to measure the weight change from osmosis. The containers ranged from 0M NaCl all the way to .6M NaCl. We measured the potato slices before and after placing the slices in the solutions and recorded the net change in weight to determine the tonicity of the potato cells. Our results showed that the potato slices put in a NaCl solution of .2M or higher lost weight and the potato slices put in a NaCl solution of .1M or lower gained weight. This shows that the osmolarity of the potato falls within the range of .1M to .2M, and it also proves the process of Osmosis by having the higher concentration move to the lower concentration. In addition to this, it can be concluded that the osmolarity of cells can be determined by observing the affects of osmosis.
The lab for this paper was conducted for the topic of osmosis, the movement of water from high to low concentration. Five artificial cells were created, each being filled with different concentrated solutions of sucrose. These artificial cells were placed in hypertonic, hypotonic, or isotonic solutions for a period of 90 min. Over time, the rate of osmosis was measured by calculating the weight of each artificial cell on given intervals (every 10 minutes). The resulting weights were recorded and the data was graphed. We then could draw conclusions on the lab.
Repeated Trials: In procedure one, we tested diffusion on different sized cell models (gelatin with various volume and surface area wise). In procedure two, we tested cell models in different internal environments and similar external environments to find the effects on rate of osmosis. In procedure three, we used potato cells in different concentrated sucrose environments to test the effects on water potential on cells and osmosis.
The hypothesis states that if the solution is hypotonic the results will decrease, if the solution is hypertonic the results will increase and if the solution is isotonic the solution will vary and or remain constant. In order to test the predictions of the hypotonic, hypertonic, and isotonic hypothesis for the solution made during the study, four samples of sucrose were taken and placed into two different beakers each containing a different concentration. Then dialysis tubing A was placed into beaker 1 with B, C, and D placed into beaker 2 for 45 minutes and weighted at 15 minute intervals. My finding in the study was that each of the four samples changed from their initial weight and for the most part accurately proved the hypothesis.
Osmosis is the passive movement of water from an area of low solute concentration to an area of high solute concentration, normally across a membrane which prevents the movement of solvent. This is a process by which materials may move into, out of, or within cells. Osmosis doesn’t depend on energy provided by living organisms but is affected by the properties of the cell membrane. The rate of osmosis is dependent on such factors as temperature, pressure, molecular properties such as size and mass, and the concentration gradient. In osmosis, the relationship between a solute’s concentration outside of cell and inside of a cell is described in terms of the tonicity of the solution outside of the cell. A cell is in a hypotonic solution when the solute is more concentrated inside the cell and therefore water moves into the cell. In this solution the cell swells as water enters, this may continue until it ruptures or hemolyzes. In the reverse condition, the cell is in a hypertonic solution
Osmosis is a special type of diffusion. It is the diffusion of water molecules across a semipermeable membrane (a membrane that allows for the diffusion of certain solutes and water) from an area of higher water concentration to one of lower water concentration. For example, if a 1 M aqueous starch solution is separated from a .5 M aqueous starch solution by a semi-permeable membrane, then water molecules will move from the .5 M aqueous starch solution (higher water molecule concentration) toward the more concentrated 1M starch solution (lower water molecule concentration) until an equilibrium of water molecules exists between the two solutions. Since the semi-permeable membrane did not allow for the passage of starch molecules, the 1M-starch solution will gain in volume as the water moves in (Figure 3).
Osmosis is a process in which molecules in a solvent pass across a semipermeable membrane into a more concentrated solution from a less concentrated one, attempting to make both sides isotonic or equal to each other. Isotonic can also be described as an equilibrium, where there is no net movement of the molecules. Osmosis is relevant in everyday life whether the general population is aware of it or not. It could be as simple as sitting in the pool too long and getting pruney fingers or as complex as a cholera infection in the intestinal cells that does not allow the intestinal cells
Those three experiments showed that the way onion cells are dealing with the movement of water in and out of the cell is by osmosis. That Osmosis is the diffusion of water across a membrane into a solution having a greater solute concentration. The cell
Osmosis is the movement of water molecules from high concentration to low concentration through semipermeable membranes, caused by the difference in concentrations on the two sides of a membrane (Rbowen, L.). It occurs in both animals and plants cells. In human bodies, the process of osmosis is primarily found in the kidneys, in the glomerulus. In plants, osmosis is carried out everywhere within the cells of the plant (World Book, 1997). This can be shown by an experiment with potato and glucose/salt solution. The experiment requires putting a piece (or more) of potatoes into glucose or salt solution to see the result of osmosis (a hypertonic type of solution is mostly used as it would give the most prominent visual prove of
In this lab we are going to discovery how osmosis works using a semi-impermeable membrane a potato slice. Osmosis is known as the movement of water in and out of a cell. To understand how this works we must understand two terms. Hypotonic means the environment has less solutes compared to the inside of the cell. Hypertonic means that the environment has more solutes compared to the inside of the cell. With osmosis water will always move from hypotonic too hypertonic. So the question is will water move into the potato or out of the potato? Will these results change when placed in different morality of salt water? To calculate these results, we will measure the mass of potatoes cut into equal sizes then soak these potato slices in different morality of NaCl for thirty minutes and measure the mass change in each potato slice.
The purpose of this lab is to test the effect of osmosis on cucumber slices. If a cucumber slice is placed in a hypertonic solution, then the mass of the cucumber slice will decrease. Whereas, if