Leadership Models

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Leadership Models

Leadership Models The dynamics of leadership-follower relationships has grown in the last two decades because of a growing discussion in leadership literature (Popper & Mayseless, 2002) as cited in Avolio. Many companies, which were small 20 years ago have emerged as leaders in the market, overtaking their once larger competitors. These firms internally have revamped the way they do business. They have focused on making changes to their managerial process, thereby creating a competitive advantage (Tichy & Devanna, 1990). The authors go on to say that although traditional managerial skills are important they are not sufficient to bring about organizational transformation. Transformational change will come by
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Iacoca was instrumental in developing a bold new vision, an intelligent strategy to implement the vision, and he worked relentlessly to keep people motivated toward the vision. Change is necessary in the behavior of employees of an organization rather than changing the structure or systems (Farris, 2002). Behavioral integrity is quite problematic and an integral aspect of organizational change according to (Simons). He goes on to say that behavioral integrity is the difference between enacted and espoused values. Therefore, if there is a difference between the behavior expected and the behavior given there will be an integrity issue that will need to be addressed by management and leadership to resolve the difference (Bryman, 1992). The charismatic model of leadership is seen as “Incorporating ideas from trait, style, and contingency approaches, the ‘New Leadership’ paradigm (dubbed as such by Bryman 1992) which originated in the early 1980s, gave primacy to the concept of charismatic leadership” (Callan, 2003, p. 2). Charismatic leadership is often identified with transformational leadership. A number of sub-categories of the charismatic model exist. The attribution theory, which describes six leader behaviors and traits that help make the leader seem charismatic to the followers is part of the charismatic model. These six traits and behaviors, according to (Conger & Kanungo, 1994), are:
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