Leadership Vs. Classical Leadership

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This literature review is based on 21st Century Leadership. This review will provide a comparative discussion of the various leadership developments, theories and models, identifying similarities and differences based on a set of criteria selected. This paper begins with an introduction to viewing the ‘map’ of leadership, its theory and frameworks through the different contextual lenses of academic, practitioner and learner. It affirms the complementary importance of theory and practice and the ability of everyone to be a learner in terms of leadership development. The paper then provides a short review of generic leadership literature, highlighting the more significant trends, similarities and differences in 21st century leadership vs …show more content…

O’Connell (2014) suggests the proliferation of theories, research, and explanations has also sparked an ongoing debate among scholars regarding the most appropriate definitions, and the most effective approaches to learning about and engaging in leadership. Leadership as described by Bishop (2013) is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal. However, Smith (2016) strongly believes that leadership is the ability to adapt the setting so everyone feels empowered to contribute creatively to solving the problems. These definitions are accurate descriptions of leadership and the role of leaders within organizations and deals with different types of leadership which differentiates one style from another as well as identify situations and cultures to which they are best suited (Bishop, 2013). O’Connell (2014) suggests using a simplified framework for leader development, structured into webs of belief, and is proposed as a starting point for learning to lead in complex contexts and environments. O’Connell (2014) explains that a framework would provide a simplified belief, set adaptable to changing contexts and conditions, and engages the developing leader in ongoing constructive self and other development practices. Davies et al. (2005) agreed with this argument suggesting that “frameworks provide communicating

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