Learning Theories Applied to Teaching

2200 Words Oct 16th, 2010 9 Pages
LEARNING THEORIES AND TEACHING

INTRODUCTION “learning is commonly defined as a process that brings together cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences and experiences for acquiring , enhancing, or making changes in one’s knowledge, skills, values and world views” ( llleris,2000; Ormord,1995). This process could be explained through several theories, some of which include ; behavioral, cognitive, constructivist, and social cognitive learning theories. Presently teachers make use of these theories in their classrooms in order to maximize the learning potential of students and also to create a better learning environment inside the classrooms. This report includes a summary of these different learning theories used in
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In this way the student could overcome the fear and insecurity and could gain confidence, since he/she would have realized what to expect. Coming to constructivism, it describes learning process as a process which involves learners’ constructing knowledge from their own experiences. According to this theory, new concepts and ideas are actively constructed by learner, based on their past and present experiences or knowledge. In applying this theory to a classroom, the teacher acts as a guide or facilitator, helping students along the way as they try to figure out things on their own. For example, teacher could ask students questions like,’ what is your opinion about this?’ , ‘what do you think is the answer for this question?’ , etc..

METHOD
PROCEDURE
In order to determine the level of application of these theories in Maldivian classrooms by teachers, a survey was conducted, by giving questionnaires to fill in to a sample of teachers.
PARTICIPANTS
A total of 30 teachers were used in this survey, of which 15 were science stream teachers, while the other 15 taught to commerce students.

RESULTS The results got are displayed in the forms of graphs below.

Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3

DISCUSSION According to the results got from the survey, all the theories – behavioral, cognitive, social cognitive
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