Essay about Magistrates Court Research Assignment

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Unit 1: Criminal law, Outcome 3: Magistrates court research assignment
1. Define key legal terminology such as court hierarchy, jurisdiction & court personnel
Court hierarchy
A court hierarchy is a structure or or order of rank of courts within a state or country. The court hierarchy allows each court to deal with specific types of cases according to the seriousness of the crime and the courts jurisdiction. Hence, courts dealing with more serious offences would be higher in the court hierarchy than the courts dealing with less serious offences. In Victoria- the Supreme court is the is the apex of the state court system, with the County court and Magistrates court below.
Jurisdiction
Jurisdiction is the authority vested in a court to
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Unit 1: Criminal law, Outcome 3: Magistrates court research assignment
1. Define key legal terminology such as court hierarchy, jurisdiction & court personnel
Court hierarchy
A court hierarchy is a structure or or order of rank of courts within a state or country. The court hierarchy allows each court to deal with specific types of cases according to the seriousness of the crime and the courts jurisdiction. Hence, courts dealing with more serious offences would be higher in the court hierarchy than the courts dealing with less serious offences. In Victoria- the Supreme court is the is the apex of the state court system, with the County court and Magistrates court below.
Jurisdiction
Jurisdiction is the authority vested in a court to hear criminal/civil matters. Jurisdiction can be limited/extended by certain factors including, but not limited to, the types of cases, geographical location and monetary limits.
Court Personnel
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2. Reasons for a court hierarchy?
There are several reasons why the existence of a Court hierarchy is beneficial towards Victorias Judicial system. These include:
Specialisation: Courts are ranked in order of importance according to the types of cases they are most likely to hear. Therefor, as the Supreme Court hears serious indictable offences involving, but not limited to murder and treason, it

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