Managerial Jobs Are the Same at All Levels of an Organization: Debate

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Managerial jobs are the same at all levels of an organization Fundamentally, all managers, regardless of their levels, require knowledge of managerial jobs to perform the work successfully. In order to perform effective managerial jobs, all levels of managers need to fulfill the basic managerial functions, enact key managerial roles, as well as develop managerial skills to suit with the jobs (Bailey, Schermerhorn, Hunt and Osborn 1991 pg.18). However, even though, managers at all levels perform similar managerial jobs, the importance on each job is placed differently depends on level and responsibilities of each manager. Further details about each managerial job and the importance placed on each job for different levels of managers…show more content…
The research also shows that the time spent by top managers in organizational planning is related to the firm’s profitability, also a good setting and planning skill of competence is related to managerial effectiveness (Carroll and Gillen 1987). As much of the top managers spend most of their time planning and organizing, they have to give away some of leading responsibilities to lower managers, especially to first line managers (Grover, Jeong, Kettinger, Lee 1993). First line managers spend most of their time on leading rather than other functions because they are closest to the actual supervision of non-managerial workers, therefore, their jobs tend to be more focused and of a shorter, fixed duration (Pavett 1983). However, first line and middle managers also involve in planning process, but it would be more likely of a day-to-day plan, instead of long term plan (Lamond 2004). Managerial roles, introduced by Mintzberg, are also another useful aspect to categorize managerial behavior. They include ten different, but, highly interrelated roles that managers must be prepared to enact. These ten managerial roles consist of three interpersonal roles, three information and four decisional roles. Interpersonal roles are “roles that involve people and other duties that are ceremonial and symbolic in nature” (Robbins, Bergman, Stagg and Coulter 2003 pg.11). It
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