Margaret Sanger, An American Nurse, Pioneered The Modern Birth Control Movement

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Margaret Sanger, an American nurse, pioneered the modern birth control movement in the United States. She began her movement in 1912, with the publication of information about women 's reproductive concerns through magazine articles, pamphlets, and several books. In 1914, Margaret Sanger was charged with violating the Comstock Law, a federal legislation prohibiting the mailing of obscene material including information about birth control and contraceptive devices. Despite being imprisoned for her actions, she continued to publish information about birth control. On October 16, 1916, in Brooklyn, New York, Margaret Sanger along with her sister Ethel Byrne opened the first of several birth control clinics in America. In 1936 Congress revised …show more content…

Norplant and Depo Provera are both types of injected contraceptives. Norplant consists of six flexible capsules that are inserted under the skin of a female 's upper and are filled with progesterone that is released to prevent ovaries from releasing an egg. Norplant is 99% effective, but is also not protective against STD 's and includes side effects such as irregular bleeding, headaches, nausea, and depression. Depo Provera, a contraceptive injection, is given to a woman by a doctor of health care professional in the arm or buttock every 12 weeks to prevent ovaries from releasing an egg and or to thicken cervical mucus to keep sperm from reaching the egg. It is also 99% effective and just like Norplant and birth control pills it does not protect against STD 's. After discontinuing the use of Depo Provera, it may take up to two years before the woman becomes fertile again. Condoms can be bought in male and female forms. A male condom also called a "rubber  or "prophylactic  is a sheath of latex or animal tissue that is placed on the erect penis before it is inserted into the vagina to catch ejaculated semen, and, therefore, not allowing it to enter the woman 's vagina. A female condom is a plastic sac with a ring on each end that is inserted into the vagina to catch the male 's semen as he ejaculates. The effectiveness of a male condom

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