Medicaid and Its effects in America
Professor R. Vargas
August 2014 Medicaid and Its Effects in America
In this essay my intentions are not to describe in full the features of the Medicaid as an insurance program or to make standing revision of its budgetary or galenic form. Instead, I will compel a short recount on its original characteristics when it first started and the positive or negative performance the program provides its recipients in the United States population. Furthermore, I will move bases on how Medicaid is affecting our budgetary systems and its upcoming sustainability. Nevertheless, this paper will contour how the Medicaid program has grown as a major framework of the United States and the unique …show more content…
There are also greater problems faced by those outside of Medicaid. Those who surpass the revenue requirements for Medicaid but do not have enough funds for private insurance get stuck and (since they are uninsured) are hurried to attend the emergency room, one the most costly medical services handy. Another question is faced not by patients, but physicians. Though there is moderate administrative charge for patients on Medicaid, physicians are constrained to accept Medicaid patients and accept a lower pay-for-service comparison to patients who are not on Medicaid.
States commonly have clear discretion inbound which groups their Medicaid programs will shelter and the financial criteria for Medicaid eligibility. To be suitable for federal funds, however, states are directed to supply Medicaid coverage for certain individuals who take federally assisted income- allowance payments, as well as for combined bunch not receiving cash payments. In consequent to their Medicaid programs, most states have added "state-only" programs to supply medical aid for indicate underprivileged persons who do not qualify for Medicaid.
The Medicaid program has an extensive health service package for those who enlist and qualified for the service. It is claimed by the federal government absolute coverage of almost thirteen services, which includes items such as inpatient
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Although Medicaid may sound generous, the program has many narrowing limitations. Numerous restrictions prevent the program from being offered to everyone who is poor and cannot afford medical care. Eligibility for the program is not based on need alone, but is also affected by age, family status, and medical condition. Beyond the federal programs Medicare and Medicaid, inhabitants of the United States must look to private organizations to provide their healthcare. People may enroll in these independent health insurance plans through their employer or on their own if they can pay for it.
Money plays a huge role in access, therefore it is a vital issue to discuss. Within the current system, lack of money results in lack of health care, which leaves thousands of people without any health care coverage. Between 2001 and 2005, the number of people paying for health insurance increased 30%, however income only raised 3% (Health Care Problems). Adequate income is a necessity and unfortunately that is not present. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, the average annual premium across the country is $16,000. Currently, the average annual income in the United States is $51,107. Mint Money Management suggests that about 4-6% of one’s total income should be spent on insurance, including life, disability, and health insurance. However, the averages in the United States show that the average person spends about 31% of their income on health insurance, which is not financially beneficial. When this rise in health insurance is not parallel to the inflation of income, innocent people are left without a method to achieve health care. There is a program for those who can’t afford health insurance out of pocket nor have access to it, and that is called Medicaid. Issues still exist with the program. There is only so much funding, which leaves many still uninsured. Additionally, people with Medicaid have difficulty
Medicare and Medicaid are programs that have been developed to assist Americans in attainment of quality health care. Both programs were established in 1965 and are federally supported to provide health care coverage to vulnerable populations such as the elderly, the disabled, and people with low incomes. Both Medicare and Medicaid are federally mandated and determine coverage under each program; both are run by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, a federal agency ("What is Medicare? What is Medicaid?” 2008).
The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of two federally and/or state funded programs. The programs that will be discussed are Medicare and Medicaid. In this paper will be information about who receives Medicaid/Medicare, the services offered by these programs, and those long term services that are not.
Those who utilize the Medicaid system range from low income families to the over 65 age group. Within this population is also those who are disabled due to physical or mental problems. This is among the sickliest of our American population. A paper based on a study in Oregon stated that “Medicaid significantly increased the probability of being diagnosed with diabetes, and being on diabetes medication as well as high blood pressure and high cholesterol.”(Baicker et al., 2013, p. 1715). Much of this is due to the struggle that the Medicaid beneficiary has
Each state has their own policies for Medicaid eligibility, services and payments. Medicaid plans have three eligibility groups such as categorically needy, medically needy and special groups. Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) is a program that offers health insurance coverage for uninsured children under Medicaid. If Medicaid does not cover a service, the patient may be billed if the following conditions have been met such as the physician informed the patient before the service was performed that the procedure was not covered by Medicaid and if the patient has signed an Advance beneficiary Notice form. However, there are also conditions where the patient cannot be billed if necessary preauthorization was not obtained or service
Throughout the early 1980’s and 1990’s the Federal Medicaid program was challenged by rapidly rising Medicaid program costs and an increasing number of uninsured population. One of the primary reasons for the overall increase in healthcare costs is the
In a traditionalist state, such as Texas, the financial toll that Medicaid would have on its taxpayers was on the frontlines. The Texas legislature was worried about whether or not its taxpayers would face a tax increase to cover the increased cost of those covered by Medicaid. These taxpayers would inadvertently pay for the hospital bills of those who are uninsured in Texas through an average $1,800 rise in the cost of their premiums (Rapoport, 2012). In support of expanding Medicaid, Texas would receive federal funds in order to ease the cost that accompany the expansion. Since Texas decided not to expand Medicaid, Texas “would be leaving billions and billions of federal dollars on the table” according to Anne Dunkelberg (Rapoport, 2012). Not only does this monetary incentive give Texas an extra push to participate towards expanding Medicaid but it would also help the residents of the state to get insured. Texas legislators understood that this monetary incentive would not fully cover the cost of the newly enrolled Medicaid recipients. In the end, they would have to rework the annual budget and increase taxes in order to cover these extra recipients.
As previously illustrated, there are both advantages and disadvantages of Medicaid. However, being a beneficiary of Medicaid increases access to health care. As a result of the program, adults were 70% more likely to have a regular place of care, “55% more likely to have a regular doctor than the adults who did not gain coverage;” and the utilization of preventative services have increased (Garfield & Paradise, 2013). Furthermore, access to speciality care such as physical therapy; podiatry and hospice remain unattainable. In a multiple city audit, researchers found that only 34% of Medicaid beneficiaries were able to “secure an appointment for urgent” specialist care, compared to 64% of those privately
The U.S. health care system is a scrutinized issue that affects everyone: young, old, rich, and poor. The health care system is comprised of three major components. Since 1973, most Americans have turned to managed-care programs, known as HMOs. The second type of health care offered to Americans is Medicare, health care for the elderly. The third type of health care is Medicaid, a health care program for the poor.
In recent years, health care has been a huge topic in public debates, legislations, and even in deciding who will become the next president. There have been many acts, legislations, and debates on what the country has to do in regards to health care. According to University of Phoenix Read Me First HCS/235 (n.d.), “How health care is financed influences access to health care, how health care is delivered, the quality of health care provided, and its cost”.
There are some problems that must be addressed in the expansion of the Medicaid policy to include; social, economic, ethical, legal and political. First, the social impact of having health insurance removes the burden off of parents, people with chronic diseases, children and the disabled. If access to health insurance is unavailable our nation’s health care costs will continue to rise,
Medicaid provides a comprehensive benefit package for those who enroll. The federal government requires coverage of thirteen services, including inpatient and outpatient hospital services, nursing home and home health care, and for children under the age of twenty-one. The benefits do not end there, Medicaid offers a