Mental Disorders And Its Effects

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Mental disorders are a result of different problems associated with the brain, and each problem has various symptoms. These disorders of the brain are normally characterized by different factors that are combined, such as emotions, relationships, behavior and abnormal thoughts. There are many reasons why mental disorders affect people, including family history and genes, life pressures and habits. Other factors like a history of drug abuse, stress, biology, a traumatic brain injury, exposure to toxic chemicals while pregnant, and even cancer may lead to mental disorders. Some examples of mental disorders include drug-related disorders, bipolar disorder or depression disorders, schizophrenia, intellectual disorders and disabilities, and…show more content…
Feelings of disconnection, nervousness, illogical thinking, changes in the mood, changes in appetite or sleep, and finally acquiring odd or peculiar behavior can also occur (American Psychiatric Association, 2016). Bipolar disorder is a medical condition that affects the brain, making it a mental illness. It is also called manic depression, which explains why individuals with bipolar disorder are said to experience manic episodes. Such manic episodes cause strange changes in mood and vitality and affect the ability of individuals to carry out their activities of daily living (ADLs). Symptoms of this disorder can result in a high level of disruption in the way individuals interact with other people, diminishing their productivity in school or work, sometimes even extending to extreme cases that can lead to suicide. The ICD 10 (international coding of disease) for bipolar coding is F31.9 (Godwin, 2010). The etiology of the bipolar disorder is idiopathic, though it results that the genetic composition and environmental components play a significant role as causal factors of this mental illness. Environmental elements can contribute to this disorder, especially if an individual has a history of childhood mistreatment, which can cause long-term stress from strongly negative or painful early childhood experiences. Congenital causal factors that people inherited through genetic markers can also affect or exacerbate the disorder,
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