Microsociological And Sociological Theories

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Introduction In this paper, I will give an overview of macrosociological theory as well as the microsociological theory with a comparison as well as a contrast to each. Discussion The theories of sociological impact focus on external factors as they relate to crime, conversely, the previously studied theories focused on the internal factors (Bohm & Vogel, 2011). The external factors of crime have been noted as influences, including neighborhood organization, which create delinquency, moreover, criminal actions. These types of theories study the environment surrounding individuals to determine how they may influence crime. The majority of sociological theories share the same beginnings related to the works of Emile Durkheim who argued single individuals were not the cause of crime conversely society created the opportunities, if not incentive, for criminal actions. Macrosociological theories begin with the introduction of the Theory of the Chicago School, also known as the social disorganization theory (Bohm & Vogel, 2011). This theory was developed in the 1920s when the first study of this size was conducted in an attempt to discover a connection to crime in relation to the neighborhoods they were committed within. A study conducted by Robert Park in correlation with colleague Ernest Burgess studies the geometrical layout of the city of Chicago comparing the areas for criminal statics. The pair developed a circular set of rings beginning at the center of the city

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