Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Essay

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Infectious disease is considered an ever evolving issue world-wide. A number of health officials and idealists believed that the threat of infectious disease would have been eradicated by now.1 Infectious disease remains the leading cause of death across the globe and the third leading cause of death in the United States.2 Within the scope of infectious disease, the most common cause of illness is viral respiratory tract infections, also referred to as VRTI.3 Recently, a new strain of virus related to the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome commonly referred to as SARS has been identified.4,5 The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome is a viral infection that affects the respiratory tract in humans and has recently been discovered in a small …show more content…
Infectious disease is considered an ever evolving issue world-wide. A number of health officials and idealists believed that the threat of infectious disease would have been eradicated by now.1 Infectious disease remains the leading cause of death across the globe and the third leading cause of death in the United States.2 Within the scope of infectious disease, the most common cause of illness is viral respiratory tract infections, also referred to as VRTI.3 Recently, a new strain of virus related to the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome commonly referred to as SARS has been identified.4,5 The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome is a viral infection that affects the respiratory tract in humans and has recently been discovered in a small number of animals.6 Although the disease is fairly new, considerable research has lead to significant findings on the epidemiology of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome infections, including clinical manifestations, treatments, transmission, and virological characteristics of the virus causing the infection.
The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome now also referred to as MERs-CoV was initially discovered in Saudi Arabia in 2012.6,7 Similar to SARS-CoV, the patient presented with acute pneumonia and renal failure in June 2012.5 After culturing sputum sample from the patient the MERs-CoV virus strain was identified for the first time in a human host. Following the initial patient’s diagnosis and treatment a subsequent patient was treated in the
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