Migration of Turkic Tribes

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Migration is the movement of people from one place to another to settle and live in the new area. Nowadays, the number of moving people exceeds 200 million (World Migration Report 2010 - The Future of Migration: Building Capacities for Change. International Organization for Migration. 2010). In the ancient times the number of moving people was little, but the causes were approximately the same. Especially, migration of ancient Turks had a significant role in formulation of world civilizations. Their migration periods cover several thousand years. The most famous migration stage of Turks was in the II-VII centuries, well known as Migration Period. Turkic tribes migrated and spread their habitation because of three main factors. The first and the most significant cause of Turkic migration is related to economic issues. Many Turkic tribes migrated because of crisis and famine in their country. The famine derived from climate changes and severe climate in different periods. Living in difficult life circumstances, Turkic tribes decided to move in order to find fruitful lands. Especially, during the Migration Period, in 395, Huns (Turks) moved to Europe because of famine. Moreover, some Turkic groups migrated to wide steppes in order to find and extend their pastures. While the amount of people and cattle were increasing, it was difficult to accommodate animals with pastures. For instance, Yuruks (‘Walkers’), who initially settled in Eastern Anatolia, moved to Western Anatolia to

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