Military Strategy and Planning

1649 WordsJan 13, 20187 Pages
Part 1 Military theory after World War II drastically changed for two major reasons: the dropping of Atomic weapons on Japan and what would become known as the Cold War between the USSR and the West. Foreign policy, which became military policy, starting in 1947 is known as the "Truman Doctrine." This began with U.S. support of Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent those countries from falling under Soviet influence. The policy was written as a response to the events that took place in the Eastern European Theater after World War II. The Soviet Union coopted much of Eastern Europe, ½ of Germany, ½ of Berlin, and believed they needed an even greater buffer zone to protect Russia from the West. Greece and Turkey were logical extensions of this because both had been devastated during WWII and had strong socialist parties. Truman believed that if Greece and Turkey did not receive the aid they needed, they would inevitable fall to Soviet influence. The intended audience was wide: this was a clear message to the Soviet Union; a message to Europe that the U.S. would not tolerate Soviet aggression; a message to the people of Greece and Turkey that the U.S. would side with them; and a message to Congress and the American people that the U.S. would put in a formal policy to prevent the spread of worldwide communism. Post World War II events were top of mind for most Americans; there was a fervent anti-communism movement afoot in the United States, and a clear

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