The start of King's involvement in the Civil Rights Movement began in 1955 when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger and was jailed. Community leaders formed the Montgomery Improvement Association and asked King to be the leader. The organization would urge blacks to boycott the buses and use other means of transportation. The boycott lasted 381 days. On November 13, 1956 the Supreme Court declared that Alabama's bus segregation was unconstitutional and on December 21, 1956 buses were desegregated. (Michael).
For more than a year, the African-American community in Montgomery successfully boycotted the city bus company, Montgomery City Bus Lines, which resulted in the loss of much needed revenue to support the city expenses. The Bus Boycott was the impetus for many whites to act violently towards African Americans in Montgomery. Being an avid member of the NAACP, King became much involved in the boycott. King's non-violent approach towards the boycott obviously drew a lot of attention. King's home in Montgomery was firebombed by openly racist members of the Ku Klux Klan [KKK] (Norrell 1). Seeing that the bus
At this time, other local activists have been looking for an occasion to start a boycott of the Montgomery buses, where segregation was especially hurting black people. Most of the teachers of Montgomery, called for a one-day protest against the bus line, asking the blacks to stay at home or find another way to get to work or school. This strike hurted the bus system. The success of that one-day protest persuaded Montgomery civil rights leaders to organize a larger scale boycott of the buses.
As a few white passengers boarded the bus and the white sections were already full so the driver shouted back at four black people including Rosa Parks “Move y'all, I want those two seats”. As this demand was made by the driver 3 of the bus riders obeyed to what was shouted back, however Rosa Parks remained in her seat and was determined not to move. She was arrested following the bus drivers order and fined ten dollars. This, however small incited a great wave of bus boycotts which in Montgomery black people chose not to ride the bus for a period of 381 days. This still to date is known as the moment in which the civil rights movement started to gain headway. It was the will of one woman who decided it was time for black people to take a stand and from this point on Martin Luther King was assigned to take this boycott on. Although he was assigned to take this on people also felt as he was young, fresh and people had not formulated enough of an opinion of him, there was little room for him to be hated yet so he posed as the right figure to lead this. After the many days of boycotting the case of this transport issue in Alabama went to the Supreme Court. Here it was decided that segregation was declared as unconstitutional so segregation by law was no
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to surrender her bus seat to a white person. Rosa Parks is quoted as saying, "I thought about Emmett Till, and I could not go back. My legs and feet were not hurting, that is a stereotype. I paid the same fare as others, and I felt violated." Her act of civil disobedience led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the emergence of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., as a powerful leader in the fight for civil rights, all powerful symbols of the civil rights movement. (Crowe, n.d.)
“For many years now Negroes in Montgomery and so many other areas have been inflicted with the paralysis of crippling fears on buses in our community. On so many occasions, Negroes have been intimidated and humiliated and impressed-oppressed-because of the sheer fact that they were Negroes.”
The Montgomery Bus Boycott began with the public arrest of an African American woman and civil rights activist named Rosa Parks. As stated in Document A,”Rosa Parks boarded a city bus and sat down in the closest seat. It was one of the first rows of the section where blacks were not supposed to sit… The bus driver told Rosa Parks that she would have to give up her seat to a white person. She refused and was arrested.” Rosa’s arrest sparked a number of radical events that fought against racial inequality and segregation over the span of thirteen months. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was successful because it led to the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that racial segregation among public transportation (especially buses) was unconstitutional. The Montgomery
In December of 1955, Rosa Parks sat in the front of the bus and refused to give up her seat to a white male. She was later arrested and put in jail. This caused the black people of Montgomery to initiate a boycott, the refusal to use the services of the bus company. They did this in order to gain
The event that started the boycott was when Rosa Park refused to move from her seat to give it to a white passenger on a city bus. This was significant because African Americans were still required to sit in the back while the whites sat in the front of the bus. As a result, Rosa Park was arrested and fined. Although Parks was not the first, it was her arrest that lead to a protest against segregation since she was dignified and non violent. Rosa Parks’s arrest sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, during which blacks refused to ride the buses in protest over the bus system’s policy of racial segregation.
1955 - Montgomery Bus Boycotts African-American woman Rosa Parks's arrest after her refusal to move to the back of a bus (as required under city law in Montgomery, Alabama) triggers a citywide boycott of the bus system.
Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the main leaders in the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The boycott was started because Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger and got arrested for not getting up. The Montgomery Bus Boycott lasted for 381 days and put many businesses and bus lines under a great burden from the lack of travelers. The bus boycott finally paid off in November of 1956 when the Supreme court ruled that segregated seating on public bus lines was unconstitutional and that African Americans should be able to sit wherever they wish
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus for a White passenger in December 1, 1955 (History.com). The Montgomery Bus Boycott only ended when the bus companies finally agreed to end the discrimination among colored passengers. This event sparked the nation to proceed with the civil rights movements. After the incident of Rosa Park, there was Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. is a name that will echo throughout United States history.
“Jim Crow” laws dictated that a black person must surrender their seat to a white person if there were no other seats available, and stand at the back of the bus. In December 1955; Rosa Parks refused to do this, and was arrested and fined $10. Her friends and family, led by Martin Luther King (who would later become leader of the Civil Rights Movement), immediately started a twenty-four hour bus boycott in response, and found it so successful that it was decided they would continue until the bus company agreed to seat customers on a first-come basis. Many black people became involved with the boycott, and as black passengers made up 75% of the bus company’s business it proved to be enormously damaging. The boycott attracted more black people to the civil rights movement.
The bus was separated into a black and white section, the white section was located in the front. Rosa was sitting on the bus in the front of the black section when a white man came aboard. This man went to go sit down in the white section of the bus, but the section was full. The man then told the driver, the driver in a brief sweep ordered Rosa to move to the back of the bus. When Rosa refused, she defied a southern custom, moreover, she was then arrested. After her arrest the black community started the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The community stopped riding the public bus system until they were treated equally and with respect. To sum up the boycott lasted for more than a year, it ended on December 20,1956. “Martin Luther King Jr. was instrumental in leading the Montgomery Bus Boycott”(Burner and Haney). Dr. King knew that this was something that needed to be handled. After the bus boycott Rosa Parks was known as the “Mother of the Civil Rights Movement” (Hare). Rosa never expected to become famous after this. All she wanted to do was get home because she was tired from work. “I didn’t get on the bus with the intention of being arrested,” she said later. “I got on the bus with the intention of going home”(Hare). Yet after everything Rosa knew when she refused to move, that she had just started her very own
Large amounts of white population in Montgomery went against the bus boycott and some even used violent actions. The White Citizen’s Council listed some of the telephone numbers of white people who support the boycott, and numerous people made phone calls to complain about the behavior of hauling African American. (S. Gratze) According to their behavior, we can concluded that huge amounts of people dislike the boycott and took some actions. Ku Klux Klan, a white supremacist group, “bombed four black churches and the homes of prominent black leaders”. Some white