Montgomery Boycott Research Paper

Satisfactory Essays
Sandra Foreman
ECO210 Macroeconomics (W06)
Paper 1
March 31, 2017
Do Boycotts Work?

December 1, 1955, an African-American woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a city bus in Montgomery, Alabama. By refusing to give up her seat, Rosa Parks was arrested. Dr. King held a meeting at his church the next night to discuss ways of dealing with her arrest and protesting her arrest. So, they decided that they would have a bus boycott, beginning on Monday, December the 5th. Her refusal caused what is now known as the Montgomery Boycott. Since the boycott caused a larger quantity of all black patrons, Dr. King realized that although a boycott was needed, many of the patrons were afraid of taking a chance on boycotting because of the effect it may have
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The boycott changed the way black people could get around without using the bus system. Because of state laws, bus segregation was allowed, forcing an organized bus boycott. This boycott caused decreases, the demand curve shifted to the left, showing a higher availability of empty seats for bus transportation and a lot less potential Black patrons as bus riders. With the boycott organized by Dr. King for the citizens, blacks represented 44% of the population, so with the choices of transportation limited for this demographic, substitute means were put in place from what was offered by the bus transportation company. The substitutes that were organized included car pools and other means of transportation which acted as competition for the transportation bus business. The bus companies were ready to give in because they saw their profits decreased, and a rise in the number of citizens using an alternate means of transportation. Because of the carpooling, the demand curve shifted to the right, and the profits for the bus transportation industry
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